Chemistry C3

Some Revision cards for the C3 GCSE Higher.

HideShow resource information
• Created by: Ben
• Created on: 22-03-12 20:39

How is the concentration of an acid calculated? (F

Concentration = Moles/Volume

(Remember Tip: Moles/Voles)

1 of 8

How can the concentration of an unknown solution b

By using a titration.

2 of 8

How can the concentration of a solution be calcula

Step 1 : Mol KNOWN = C x V = Concentration X Volume (In dm^3, or divide cm^3 by 1000)

e.g. 0.1 x 24.7/1000 = 0.00247 mol

Step 2 : Deduce mol of unknown

e.g. Mol of HCl = 2 Mol NaOH

Step 3 : Calculate Conc. of unknown

Conc = Mol/Vol

e.g. 0.00247/0.025 = 0.0988 mol dm^-3

(The final calculation is from when Mr Penrose did a titration - where the unknown had a concentration of 0.1 mol dm^-3.) This shows that it isnt 100% accurate.)

3 of 8

There is a ratio of 20% water to 80% ethanol, whic

The solvent is ethanol, as there is more of it.

The water is a solute.

4 of 8

What does homogeneous mean?

It means equally dispersed.

5 of 8

If you heat water, what happens to its solubility?

It increases, until it starts boiling, where it doesn't have a solubility*.

*I think its right, but it could well be wrong.

6 of 8

What are negatives of hard water? Also, what cause

• 1
• No/Minimal Lather
• Formation of SCUM!
• Causes Washing Machines and Appliances to wear out faster
• 2
• It is caused by the presence of Mg2+ and Ca2+ (Both are Group 2 Elements)
7 of 8

What are advantages of hard water?

• It can benefit health
• Reduced risk of Heart Disease
• Calcium for stronger teeth
8 of 8