Changes to the cabinet in 1822
- Lord Liverpool remained PM from 1815 til 1827.
- After 1822 new members of the cabinet were younger than they had been before and the majority came from middle class backgrounds.
- Cabinet included a number of capable administrators.
- Most of new cabinet had previously held minor positions in the government so not completely new.
- New cabinet strengthened the government;s position and standing in the House of Commons.
Changes to the Corn Law
1828- sliding scale of duties on imported wheat to allow foreign wheat to enter Britain without any duty once the price for British wheat reached 73s a quarter.
This alienated many land-owning Tories- It was one of the endless disputes in Wellington's Cabinet.
Tory- Still Protectionism
Liberal- Trying to introduce freer trade
- Reduction of duties act- lower tariffs on imported good (like rum, silk and paper) Means loer price for consumers but still high profits for manufacturers,
- 1823 Reprocity of duties act- reduced tariffs with countries likes Russia, Sweden and South Africa.
- Navigation act- Non British ships could import goods into Britain, charge at port reduced.
Trade restrictions were relaxed to encourage trade within the empire.
Money and trade unions
1826 Bank Act-To decrease numbers of notes issued, increase size of banks to create greater stability and more confidence. Led to more investment.
Repeal of combination laws- Took away ban on trade unions completely. However this led to strikes so the act was amended.
- Reform of penal code- Death penalty abolished for over 180 crimes (only remained for murder and treason) Jury system reorganised, no more government spies. Still public hangings and transportation.
- Gaols Act- 1823- Removed some of worse abuse in justice system, made imprisonment a major part of the punishment system. jailers paid, prisons inspected, gender seperated, prisoners educated, health visits.
- Metropolitan police force- Set up in 1829 in London, 1000 paid constables in non military uniform armed only with truncheons. Seen as a threat to civil liberties.
Passed in 1829 by Wellington.
- Threat of violence and even civil war if O'Connell and other Ctholics were debarred from parliament.
- Repeal of Test and Corporations Act was ony partial and still forbade Catholics from holding important positions in state.
- Emancipation necessary to deter uproar.
Led to a divided parliament- Tory split-
- Canningites and Whigs.
- Ultra Tories
- Peel and Wellington's supporters (many blamed those two)