- Stalking is the persistent, unwanted pusuit or obsessional harassment of another person, causing him or her fear of bodily injury.
- It is a potentially dangerous obsession.
- There is no single profile of a stalker (though the majority are men and victims are female).
- 25% of stalkers are violent.
- Behaviours may include intimidation, threats, harassment, aggression etc.
ABSORPTION ADDICTION MODEL
- Developed by McCutcheon in 2002.
- Celebrity worship typically begins in adolescense due to deficits in real relationships at this time in our lives.
- This model predicts that there will be an association between poor mental health and the strength of parasocial relationships.
- The first stage is absorption - discover as much as possible about a celebrity and develop a belief of a special relationship with the celebrity.
- The second stage is addiction - it becomes addictive as individuals feel they need to become more and more involved with the celebrity to feel connected to them. They crave greater closeness with the celebrity.
- Maltby et al found that pp's on level 2 of the CAS scored highly on anxiety and depression.
- Mullen et al found that delusional disorders were common amongst celebrity stalkers.
:) It provides an account of how worship can develop
:) The idea that absorption leads to addiction is well supported
- The attachment theory suggests attachment in infancy forms an internal working model for later relationships.
- Research shows early attachment problems can lead to social and emotional problems later on in adulthood.
- PSR's therefore origniate in insecure attachments (most likely ambivalent) meaning people are needy and clingy in their relationships.
- PSR's are attractive as they make no demands and there is no risk of rejection.
- Lewis et al found that stalkers have traits typical of insecure attachment such as ambivalent attitudes to those they have relationships with and emotional instability.
:) It has a good face validity as it makes sense.
:( It is deterministic - not all insecure attachments will form a parasocial relationship.
:( Hard to remember what type of attachment type you had as a baby.
:( Socially sensitive as it blames the family.