• Created by: Liberty
  • Created on: 22-01-13 13:47


  • Stalking is the persistent, unwanted pusuit or obsessional harassment of another person, causing him or her fear of bodily injury.
  • It is a potentially dangerous obsession.
  • There is no single profile of a stalker (though the majority are men and victims are female).
  • 25% of stalkers are violent.
  • Behaviours may include intimidation, threats, harassment, aggression etc.
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  • Developed by McCutcheon in 2002.
  • Celebrity worship typically begins in adolescense due to deficits in real relationships at this time in our lives.
  • This model predicts that there will be an association between poor mental health and the strength of parasocial relationships.
  • The first stage is absorption - discover as much as possible about a celebrity and develop a belief of a special relationship with the celebrity.
  • The second stage is addiction - it becomes addictive as individuals feel they need to become more and more involved with the celebrity to feel connected to them. They crave greater closeness with the celebrity.
  • Maltby et al found that pp's on level 2 of the CAS scored highly on anxiety and depression.
  • Mullen et al found that delusional disorders were common amongst celebrity stalkers.

:) It provides an account of how worship can develop

:) The idea that absorption leads to addiction is well supported

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  • The attachment theory suggests attachment in infancy forms an internal working model for later relationships.
  • Research shows early attachment problems can lead to social and emotional problems later on in adulthood.
  • PSR's therefore origniate in insecure attachments (most likely ambivalent) meaning people are needy and clingy in their relationships.
  • PSR's are attractive as they make no demands and there is no risk of rejection.
  • Lewis et al found that stalkers have traits typical of insecure attachment such as ambivalent attitudes to those they have relationships with and emotional instability.

:) It has a good face validity as it makes sense.

:( It is deterministic - not all insecure attachments will form a parasocial relationship.

:( Hard to remember what type of attachment type you had as a baby.

:( Socially sensitive as it blames the family.

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Thanks alot hey, very useful:)

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