Carbohydrates

All you need to know for carbohydrates for SQA standard grade credit level.

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Monosaccharides

  • simple, sweet sugars. dissolve easily
  • examples : glucose, fructose
  • Formula = C6H12O6
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Disaccharides

  • are more complex sugars
  • dissolves easily
  • examples: sucrose, maltose
  • Formula = C12H22O11
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Pollysaccharides

  • long chain polymer molecules
  • not sweet
  • examples: starch, celluose
  • Formula - (C6H10O5)n
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Notes to remember

the test for starch - turns iodine solution from brown to blue/ black.

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