Bach - Cantata (1723)

Edexcel Applied music 2011

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  • Created by: Joe
  • Created on: 01-06-11 11:22

Late Baroque Features: I

- Fugal Texture

- Cantata genre

- Cantus Firmus - Choral Melody

- Figured Bass

- Continuo

- Hemiola - used in triple time of the piece bars 42-43

- Ritornello Form (ABACA)

- Homophony at the end of phrases

- Canonic Imitation - bars 16-21

- Chorale - typical cadence progressions (e.g. Ic - V - I)

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Late Baroque features: II

- Polyphonic texture - bar 99

- Tierce de Picardie with plagal cadence - bars 137-138

- Functional Harmony (V-I tonic/ dominant emphasis & related keys)

- Tonic and Dominant pedals - e.g. bar 114

- Typical cadential progressions

- Sequences - bars 1-10

- Mostly conjunct - especially chorale melody

- Diatonic

- Use of Recitative

- Aria - Obligato

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Religious Features

- Cantata - Multi movement, Protestant (Lutheran), German

- Large Orchestra used - to demonstrate wealth & power of Church

- Cantus Firmus - Bar 15

- Text in German, not Latin - indicates Roman Catholic Church

- Grand scale - several movements

- Congregation used & orchestra doubling

- Choir employed by the church

- Words from bible quotation

- Plagal cadences e.g. movement 1 bar 138

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Cantata text features or sadness/unhappy mood I

- Diminished 7ths bar 7/9 Recitative

- Melismas show important words bar 18 - reflect biblical work being portrayed

- Minor key

- Chromatic movement in places e.g. bar 7-8

- Descending phrases

- Tritones e.g. bar 2 in harmony and bar 5 in melody D - Ab

- Repetition of main motif - almost entirels throughout the Ritornello

- Expressive leaps - Octave version bars 4-5

-Ritornello nearly always returns to the tonic key of G minor

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Cantata text features or sadness/unhappy mood II

- Modulates to dominant minor (D minor bar 88)

- Imitation - Canonic imitation bars 16-20

- Plagal Cadence bars 138-139

- Recitative:

  • Tritones - bars 14-18
  • Chromaticism - bar 15
  • Dissonances
  • Unrelated Keys: Unrelated tritone away from Bb - E maj
  • Word painting - sorrowful tone
  • Appoggiatura bar 7
  • Diminished chords bar 13
  • Unresolved 7th in bass
  • Hard to sing - awkward leaps bar 13 F# - Eb
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Cantata text features or sadness/unhappy mood III

Chorale

- Plagal Cadence - bars 9-10

- Suspensions - chain of suspensions bars 8-10

- Modulations to unrelated keys - modulates from Ab to Bb

- Chromaticism - bar 2

- Bach breaks chorale rules e.g. unrelated modulations

 

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Comments

Emily

Hi, thanks for making this! By the way, on slide 3, when you say that the text is in German not Latin, do you mean that it indicates the Lutheran Church rather than the Roman Catholic?

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