AQA Geography: Urbanisation

AQA Geography: Urbanisation

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  • Created by: Megan
  • Created on: 19-04-12 19:00

MEDC's and LEDC's

MEDC's: More economically developed countries

eg: England, USA, Japan etc...

 

LEDC's: Less economically developed countries

eg: Brazil, Sierra Leone, Kenya etc...

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Urban Land Uses

CBD's: Central Business district. This is the core of the city containing shops, offices, entertainment places etc. Site are expensive becasue of the shortage of space.

Inner City: On the edge of the CBD, housing is often small rented rooms, crime rates are higher and there are smaller industries such as printing, garages etc.

Inner Suburbs: Terraced housing that wsas built for people working near the city centre. (80-100 years)

Outer Suburbs: Semi-Detatched housing further from the city as trains can take people into the city easily. Built mostly in the 1930-40's.

Industrial Areas: on the edge of the city centre, near railways (good transportation links) but there can be traffic/congestion problems

Commuter Zone: Small towns for people who can afford to commute to work

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Greenfield and Brownfield Sites

Greenfield Site                                          Brownfield Site

-Never been built on before                  - Redeveloped site

-Building ruins the environment          - More sustainable

-Cheaper to build on                              - More expensive to build on   

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Urbanisation in LEDC's - Push Factors

- Poor Wages

- Shortage of jobs

- Difficult Conditions

- Poor housing/low standards of living

- Lack of public services

- Limited food supplies

- Country life if hard work

- Unhappy life with few personal privilages

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Urbanisation in LEDC's - Pull Factors

- More job opportunities

- Higher wages

- Fewer natural disasters

- Better housing

- Better chances for getting public services

- Electricty and power supplies

- Reliable food sources

- Attraction of bright lights and entertainment

- Better chance of enjoying life

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Social Problems

- Overcrowding

- Shanty towns are illegal

- High infant mortality rates

- Increase in crime

- Traffic congestion

- Break up of families

- More street children

- Poverty

- High birth rates

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Economic Problems

- Malnutrition

- Wages are low and workers are exploited

- Unemployment---few jobs in the formal sector

- Rural migrants cant find jobs as they are often illiterate and unskilled so work in the informal sector grows

- Poor quality of building materials and lack of basic ammenaties

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Environmental Problems

- Shanty towns are biult on poor quality or unsafe land so are prone to flooding, landslides and fire

- Sewerage on the streets leads to a spread of water-borne diseases such as cholera

- Water pollution -- rubbish is dumped in rivers and seas

- Air pollution/smog

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