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WHY DID THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE DEVELOP AT SUCH RAPID PACE
1949-1960? (30 MARKS)
Introduction:
Define nuclear arms race
Competition between countries to achieve superiority in quantity and quality of
military arms
Possible causes for why the arms race did develop at such a rapid pace
The growth of international tension
Competition for technological advancement
National and personal considerations
Paragraph 1: The growth of international tension
The build-up of arms by both sides was a response to external factors: the growth of
growing hostility between…read more

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USA possessed the first bomber with intercontinental range (B52
Stratofortress)
USSR responded by developing TU20 Bear in 1956
However, conventional aircraft bombers had weaknesses as they were slow and
vulnerable to being shot down by anti-aircraft systems
Successful launch of Sputnik in October 1957 showed tangible signs of USSR's superior
technological advancement
But by 1960 USSR only possessed 4 functional ICBM's
US developed the first submarine-launched ballistic missile, Polaris in July 1960
The arms race became a substitute for the Cold War and increased the…read more

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Conclusion:
Nuclear Arms race developed so rapidly primarily due to the growth of international
tension which in turn led to the need for technological advancement…read more

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