What are the Differences and Similarities between Cognitive Behaviour Therapy and Psychodynamic Interpersonal Therapy

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What are the Differences and Similarities between
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy and Psychodynamic
Interpersonal Therapy)?
By Nikita May
Within counselling there are many different types of therapy this essay shall concentrate on two of the most
prominent which are Cognitive behaviour therapy (C.B.T)and Psychodynamic interpersonal therapy (P.I.T).To
understand these this paper shall first give a brief outline of each of the therapies origins, key concepts and
evaluations. This essay shall also look at the many differences and similarities of how these two therapies are
practiced and evaluated.
C.B.T is a combination of both Cognitive and Behavioural Psychological theories by using the research and
applying it together to help to change dysfunctional emotions, behaviour and cognition. C.B.T was introduced
by Dr Aaron T. Beck in the 1960s as an alternative to the then popular Psychodynamic interpersonal therapy.
( en.academic.ru)Becks himself a psychoanalyst believed that the talking endlessly and self reflection simply did
not work. Instead Becks used his cognitive therapy to tackle the clients maladaptive thoughts by breaking them
down and tackling each one at a time . Becks believed that peoples behaviour was linked to the automatic
thought process sand that people such as those suffering from mental illnesses such as depression were caught
in a negative triad .
Illustration 1: negative triad
(revisewithrachie.com)The negative triad shows that people where stuck in negative
thoughts and to change these thought the answer lay in the Cognitive Behavioural sequence. Which is a chain
of reaction to real events. Events ­ stuff that happen in day to day lives causes , Thoughts ­ which are senses
that are inputted into the brain which then uses the information from both memory and schemas which forms a
response which is the Behaviour ­ the physical response. The physical response and the memory's is where
emotions are also . For example if the person was in a situation that held similarities to a past bad experience,
the feelings of the past experience would surface aswell. This is why CBT would try to get the client to
concentrate on the reality of the situation and to train the thoughts to think more positive.
Also in the constuction of modern CBT was Dr Albert Ellis who's A.B.C model and Rational Emotive
Behaviour Therapy (REBT) was an early form of CBT. Ellis developed REBT based on the idea that some

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According to Ellis, irrational thoughts that may
cause needless upset can be identified when we catch ourselves thinking `should' or `must' in ways that are
subjective and judgmental.
REBT aims to challenge this way of thinking by showing the client how to recognise there irrational
way and changing it. REBT clients are taught to recognise and replace their rational thoughts with realistic
ones.…read more

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Personal Interpersonal Therapy (P.I.T) war developed by Dr Robert Hobson and Dr Russell Meares also
known as a 'Conversational Model'. P.I.T is an integrative approach as it takes different parts and models
from other therapies to form one therapy.
The first of the components to form P.I.T was 'Attachment Theory' which was developed by Dr John Bowbly.
Attachment theory begins with the theory of 'Monotrophy' this means the the importance of attachment rather
than with multiple people in infancy.…read more

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The Notme is found in our
unconscious and are so anxiety provoking we do not even consider them part of ourselves.
(www.allpsych.com)
Hobson used many parts of this approach but Hobson's main focus of introducing this new approach was to
steer it away from traditional psychoanalytic approaches where there was a one sided relationship between
client and counseller. This relationship would be a mutual one where both the client and counseller would talk.…read more

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Faris A, & Ooijen E V (2012) Integrative Counselling and Psychotherapy a Rational Approach.
London,Thousand Oaks, New Deli, Sage Publications
· http://www.themagicofyou.co.uk/howiwork/BristolCBTcognitivebehaviouraltherapycritique.php
· http://psychcentral.com/lib/2007/indepthcognitivebehavioraltherapy/all/1/
· http://www.beckinstitute.org/whatiscognitivebehavioraltherapy/
· http://revisewithrachie.com/revisionsheets/abnormality/thecognitivemodelofabnormality/
· http://en.academic.ru/dic.nsf/enwiki/5727042
· http://www.psychevisual.com/Video_by_Else_Guthrie_on_Brief_Psychodynamic_Interpersonal_Ther
apy_Evidence_base_and_practical_applications.html
· http://classof1.com/homework_answers/psychology/interpersonal_psychoanalysis/
· http://allpsych.com/personalitysynopsis/stack_sullivan.html
· http://www.geoffreyballardpsychologist.com/index.…read more

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