Unit 1 Sociology AQA Familes and Household's

Everything you need to know with past papers, Achieved an A in this unit.

Includes information and sociologists on;



new right

social policies around the world


birth rate

death rate

aging population


domestic violence

different roles in the home (expressive and instrumental)

belief that roles are more equal

belief that roles are not more equal

who makes decisions in the home?



child bearing

ethnic differences

western view on childhood

historical differences

western view on childhood

historical differences

reasons fot he changing position of children

march of progress view for children

conflict view

future of childhood

key words

past papers

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  • Created by: Jo
  • Created on: 18-03-13 16:54
Preview of Unit 1 Sociology AQA Familes and Household's

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Page 2

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Page 3 Functionalists
Page 4 Marxists
Page 5 New Right
Page 6 Social Policies Around the World
Page 7 Feminists
Page 8 Birth Rate
Page 9 Death Rate
Page 10 Aging Population
Page 11 Migration
Page 12 Domestic Violence
Page 13 Different Roles in the Home
Page 14 Roles more Equal
Page 15 Roles not more Equal
Page 16 who makes decisions in the home
Page 17 Divorce
Page 18 Marriage
Page 19 Child Bearing
Page 20 Ethnic Differences
Page 21 Western View On…read more

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See society as built on consensus and see the state as acting in interests of
society and the policies being good for all, helping family's function effectively.
Murdock- Says that the nuclear family is performed all across the world, and
that four vital functions are performed within each family;
. Reproductive- The next generation will form and will maintain the nuclear
. Education- By primary socializing the children into society's norms and
.…read more

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Believes that society is based on class conflict, that the working class gets
payed the lowest wages as possible to ensure and maximize the profits of the
upper class (capitalists) No march of progress.
Engles- Says that the nuclear family Is the best form, as it is essential for the
inheritance of property, which was important back into the old century when it
was common for the upper class to own farms, which would be passed down
onto their children.…read more

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Social policies should avoid doing anything that undermines the nuclear
family. They criticise many existing policies including welfare benefits and
council housing as they offer incentives and a create a dependency culture.
They want cuts or complete abolishment of benefits, allowing taxes to be
reduced, and reducing the number of teen pregnancies. They support policies
such as tax incentives for married couples, rather than cohabiting couples.…read more

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China- Have a one-child policy, this will help the family get extra benefits and
education priority. However people who break this law of having more than
one child get a fine. This caused an abortion of baby girls, which will curb the
population growth.
Russian Revolution- The government wanted to destroy the
`pre-revolutionary family' as it was an obstacle to equality. So they changed the
laws to make divorce and abortion easy, and to allow women to enter paid
work.…read more

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Marxist Feminists;
Believe that the exploitation of women is essential for capitalism;
1. Reproduce the labor force
2. Women are a cheap reserve army of labor
3. Absorb anger that otherwise would be aimed at capitalism
. Benston- Demonstrated how women's domestic labor supports capitalism, as
she is unpaid for the domestic labor, and if this were paid for, this would ruin
capitalist's profits
.…read more

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Birth Rate- Average number of live births per 1000 of the population
Total Fertility Rate- Average number of births a woman is expected to have
in her fertile years
Changes in the Birth Rate- It has been a decline since the 1900's, apart from
the `baby blooms' after both of the World Wars, and in the 1960's.
Reasons for decline;
Changes in the position of women- Women now have had an increase in legal
equality.…read more

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Death rate- the average number of deaths per 1000 of the population
Changes in Death rate- Has remained fairly stable since the 1900's. Except
from the fluctuations including the 2 world wards, and the influenza epidemic
in 1918. Ever since it has fallen since.
Reasons for the Decline in Death rate;
. Improved nutrition- Mckeown believes that nutrition accounts for over ½ of
the reduction in the death rate, and it was particularly important in reducing
the number of deaths from TB.…read more

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Why is it increasing? Because there is an increase in life expectancy and a
decrease in infant mortality (when children don't survive past the age of 1)
The effects of the aging population;
. Public services- The older people consume a larger proportion of services
such as health services, so there is more strain on services such as the NHS
. One Person Households- This accounts for 14% of all households, mostly
women headed as they generally live longer.…read more



Extremely helpful. Thank you very much!


This is amazing! Thank you!!

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