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RUSSIA'S ROLE IN THE CONFLICT
At the time, Russia was expanding rapidly
The Tsar, Nicholas I, wanted to carve up the
"weak" Turkish Empire.
Russia also wanted ice free ports and access
to the Mediterranean- and the rest of the
world
Aggressive policies
Also claimed to want to protect the interests
of Greek Orthodox Christians in Turkey
(predominantly Islamic)…read more

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GREAT BRITAIN'S ROLE
Britain felt that their interests in India were
threatened by the Russian advance through
Afghanistan
Didn't want Russia to have control of the
Mediterranean, particularly the black sea, as
that would threaten their short, overland
routes to India- needed the area to be in
friendly hands…read more

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THE CHURCH OF THE HOLY
SEPULCHRE CONFLICT
There was conflict over who held the keys to
the Church of the Holy Sepulchre
The French backed the catholic monks,
whereas the Russians wanted to Orthodox
Christians to get the keys.
In 1853, the Sultan decided in favour of the
Catholics.
This, along with the fact that both France
and Britain felt threatened by Russian
expansionism, aligned them against the
Russians…read more

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COMPLICATIONS
In 1853, Prince Menshikov went to
Constantinople with a list of demands from
Russia for the Tsar.
Predictably, he was refused- the Sultan's
decision to reject him was encouraged by the
British Ambassador.
Russia announced that if Turkey didn't give
in to its demands, it would occupy Moldavia
and Wallachia- provinces near the Danube
that Turley had loose control over but Russia
could enter to maintain law and order…read more

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WAR
In June 1853, the French and British sent a
combine fleet to the Dardanelles in the Med
to show their support for Turkey
The Sultan rejected a draft compromise
drawn up by Austria
July- The Tsar ordered troops into Moldavia
and Wallachia.
Aug- British Gov & the Queen hoped war
wouldn't come
OCTOBER 1853- Sultan declared war on
Russia, expecting GB & FR to come to his aid,
rather than see the Turkish Empire collapse…read more

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