First 306 words of the document:
The psychodynamic approach to schizophrenia
Freud believed that schizophrenia was a result of regression to the pre-ego stage
and the symptoms were attempts to re-establish ego control. The delusions of
grandeur reflect the primitive condition whilst others such as auditory
hallucinations reflect the person's attempt to regain ego control. It is thought that
there is some sort of conflict that happened in childhood to cause the potential to
develop schizophrenia. It could be that distorted or disturbed families may cause
the unconscious conflict and have an influence on whether a child becomes
schizophrenic or not.
No direct evidence- it is not falsifiable. If the ego, id and superego don't
exist then the explanation is not valid.
Psychoanalysists believe that family patterns are thought to be the cause
of the disorder. Fromm-Reichmann described mothers of schizophrenics as
rejecting, over protective, dominant and moralistic.
However, the study lacks validity as it only involved the mothers
influence on a child and not the fathers.
Correlational evidence- whilst there is a link between a child's
schizophrenic behaviour and the mothers behaviour, it doesn't prove
that the mothers behaviour is the cause of the child becoming
schizophrenic, so it may not support the psychodynamic explanation.
Doesn't account for all symptoms- only explains delusions of grandeur and
Reductionist- ignores other explanations such as genes, enlarged
ventricles, and neurotransmitters; as a result we can only gain a limited
understanding into the causes of schizophrenia.
Deterministic- causes a person to blame their mother for them being
schizophrenic. Therefore the patient has no free will over whether they
become schizophrenic or not.