Psychological explanations of Schizophrenia

What are the four main psychological explanations of Schizophrenia?
Behavioural, Psychodynamic, Cognitive, Social and Family Relationships
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Who came up with the behavioural approach?
Scheff
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Who came up with the psychodynamic explanation?
Freud
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Who came up with the cognitive explanation?
Maher
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What are the main sections within social and family relationships?
Schizophrenogenic families, Double bind theory, Social causation
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What is the behavioural explanation for schizophrenia?
Children retreat into their own world due to excessive punishment - Labelled as odd - Conform to label - Achieve identity - others reinforce - becomes exaggerated, frequent leading to sz
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What is a flaw of the behaviourist approach to schizophrenia?
Can mental illness be learnt? Surely not
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What is a flaw of the behaviourist approach to schizophrenia?
It is oversimplified and ignores all biological evidence!
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What is a flaw of the behaviourist approach to schizophrenia?
Trivialises a complex psychological disorder
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Who came up with research that supports the behaviourist approach to schizophrenia?
Ayllon and Azrin - token economy system
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In the psychodynamic approach, what characters did Freud say schizophrenics show under the dominant Id, while fixed in the oral stage?
Impulsive, aggressive, selfish, sexual and Irrational
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WHat is the cognitive approach to schizophrenia?
Faulty processing in brain leads to cognitive errors.
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Who came up with the cognitive approach to schizophrenia?
Maher
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In the cognitive approach, what is the catatonic state caused by?
An inability to filter out unnecessary sensory information
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What are the flaws of Cognitive explanations for schizophrenia?
Direction of causality is unclear and cognitive factors are commonly believed to be the result of biological factors
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In what piece of research has the cognitive approach for schizophrenia been used in a therapeutic manner?
Yellowlees
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In the social and family relationships explanation of psychology, what are schizophrenogenic families?
Families with high emotional tension, cold mothers, ineffectual fathers
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What is double bind theory?
Schizophrenia is a learned response which occurs when children are constantly placed in no win situations, offered conflicting messages (eg. Hug me, grow up)
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What is social causation hypothesis?
Being a member of the lowest social class means increased stress levels leaving individuals more vulnerable to sz
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Who formulated double bind theory?
Bateson et al
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What is the diathesis stress model?
That schizophrenia is most likely caused by biological factors but triggered by psychological ones.
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Who came up with the behavioural approach?

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Scheff

Card 3

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Who came up with the psychodynamic explanation?

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Card 4

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Who came up with the cognitive explanation?

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Card 5

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What are the main sections within social and family relationships?

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