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Possessed many major shortcomings as a king, such as
having `favourites' (like Buckingham), his complete
neglect of his public image, and his inability to live within
his financial means.
His experience from ruling Scotland beforehand meant
he was more prepared, although not completely.
A further complicating factor of his rule was his son,
Charles.
Whilst James' problems did in sense aid the build up to
the catastrophe with Charles, the Civil War and national
turmoil was in no way James' fault.…read more

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James had been king of Scotland for 35 years before
taking over Elizabeth's reign. He had achieved some
considerable successes and had made substantial
progress in asserting authority in Scotland.
He managed to unite the two kingdoms, England and
Scotland, under one ruler.…read more

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One of the key problems in his reign was his relationship
with Parliament and its aristocracy.
Was clear from the start that James could expect
problems with Parliament ­ in 1604 Parliament told him
that they expected a lot more from him as they had only
put up with the majority of Elizabeth's policies due to her
sex and age.
Right from the beginning the aims of parliaments and the
aims of James clashed, which led to an atmosphere of
suspicious and mistrust.
The parliament in Scotland was much easier to deal
with, as they were more differential in terms of passing
laws which the king wanted.…read more

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Another key problem in his reign was the alienation of
the king.
There was a growth of distrust between the king's
English subjects.
James' foreign policy was evidently a problem.
The ending of the Spanish Civil War in 1604 was a wise
move made by James.
However, by about 1610, he was much less sensibly
pursuing a project for European pacification through an
alliance with England.…read more

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James inherited a substantial amount of £420,000 worth
of debt from Elizabeth's reign, and a crown suffering
from effects of serious long term underfunding.
The fact remained that James was a `spendthrift',
meaning he liked to please his suitors and favourites
with gifts of land and titles, and shower them with cash
endowments.
James viewed England as the `Promised Land'.
His frivolous attitude to money meant that he landed the
country with new, and more grievous financial problems.…read more

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