The Multi Store Memory Model

Description of multi store memory model and how it works.

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  • Created by: lrmm
  • Created on: 08-04-11 13:16
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The Multi-Store Model of Memory
The multi-store model is an explanation of how memory processes work. It involves three types of
memory; sensory memory, short term memory and long term memory. The sensory memory is when
information continuously enters our senses from the environment and has extremely limited capacity
(up to 2 seconds). There are three separate sensory stores; ionic, echoic and haptic. The short term
memory is a temporary store where limited amount of information can be kept for up to 30 seconds.
Long term memory refers to a permanent store and has unlimited capacity and cast last for up to a
lifetime. In LTM, memory is usually stored by meaning.
The multi-store model states that the sensory memories data is transferred to the short term
memory when attention is paid to one of the sensory stores and the environmental stimuli. Attention
is the first step to remembering something. However information stored in the STM will disappear
relatively quickly if it isn't rehearsed. So rehearsal (saying something to yourself over and over to
keep re-presenting it to the STM) is one way of keeping memory active. The result of the rehearsal is
that short term memories are held in the short term memory store and eventually become long term
and you will remember the item.

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