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Page 1

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4. The Home Front
4.1. DORA and government control
4.2. The creation and recruitment of a mass army
4.3. Support for and opposition to the war
4.4. The war economy
4.5. The impact of the war on women
4.6. Propaganda and public attitudes

Page 2

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4.1. DORA and government control
The Defence of the Realm Act (DORA)
A) Introduced 8th August 1914

B) Gave government powers to decide:
a. Where people work

b. Control industry

c. Censor the press

d. Control food production and supply

A) 1916 shortages and prices rose

B) Malnutrition more…

Page 3

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b. Central Board of Control
i. June 1915
ii. Restrict alcohol sales to certain areas
iii. 1917, 93% of public subject to regulations

c. Sales of beers with chasers or rounds of drinks prohibited

d. Alcoholic content of beer reduced and sprits restricted to 70%

e. Wine and beer 3x…

Page 4

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4.2. The creation and recruitment of a mass army
The need for men
A) Start of war BEF = 80K men

B) Expansion priority because of:
a. Size of German Army

b. High British casualties such as First Ypres (50K casualties)

C) Relied on volunteers and TA

Recruitment to the…

Page 5

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4.3. Support and opposition to the war

Support for and opposition to the war
A) Start:
a. Patriotic enthusiasm

b. All main newspapers pro-war

c. All main political parties pro-war

d. Trade Unions agreed to reductions in their rights, to help the war effort

B) As war dragged on:

Page 6

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G) 6,300 CO served in Non-Combatant Corps

H) 7,750 worked for Pelham Committee

I) 1,500 absolutists jailed.

Public attitudes to conscientious objectors
A) Propaganda portrayed them as lazy, unpatriotic shirkers

B) Widely reviled

C) Un-uniformed men jeered at and given white feather denoting cowardice

Page 7

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4.4. The war economy
A) War economy = government intervention in industrial production and the labour market

B) Reserved occupations, like coal mining, were restricted from conscription due to need of
manpower back home

C) Some skilled workers even had to return from trenches to help on the Home Front…

Page 8

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4.5. The impact of the war on women
Women and work during WWI
A) Need for servicemen meant women workforce increase of 1.6M

B) Transport = 12,423 in 1914 -> 65,000 in 1918

C) Undertook unconventional jobs for women such as signal operating

D) 1916, London's Omnibus Company aimed to…

Page 9

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E) Many forced out of jobs afterwards

F) Women's pay only half of men's

Page 10

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4.6. Propaganda and public attitudes

The press, propaganda ad censorship
A) Newspapers used to disseminate propaganda

B) Newspaper owners Lords Northcliffe, Rothermore and Beaverbrook happy to do this

C) Gov't established secret propaganda department early on

D) 1917, Ministry for Information set up included Propaganda section and a News Bureau…




My mate matt told me about these cheers buddy!

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