the dumas

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Stolypin ­ reform and repression
The Dumas 19061914
The Duma was national parliament for Russia. It contained
two houses:
Lower House was the State Duma. It could not enact
laws unless it was supported by the Upper House and
Upper House was the Council of State. Half of its
members were elected from the Zemstva, the
Orthodox Church, the Nobilities and Universities. The
other half were chosen by the Tsar. The dominant
group were the United Nobility who acted as a block on
Duma reforms. The Council of State became known as
`the graveyard of Duma hopes'.
The First Duma, AprilJune 1906
It was made up of the Trudoviks, who were a loose
collection of radicals who supported workers and peasants,
followed by the Kadets and the Progressivists, who were a
loose collection of liberal middleclass businessmen. 2
resolutions were passed, one against capital punishment
and the other in favour of famine relief. However, there was
a vote of no confidence in the Prime Minister (Peter
Stolypin) so the Duma was dissolved after 72 days by the
Tsar (Nicholas II).
The Vyborg Manifesto
Frustrated by the dissolution of the First Duma, a group of
Duma deputies went to Vyborg in the province of Finland,

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St. Petersburg. At Vyborg they issued the `Vyborg
Manifesto'. The `Vyborg Manifesto' asked Russian people to
resist the Tsar's actions through nnonpayment taxes. But
the plan backfired ­ the 200 deputies who made the
manifesto were banned from standing in the next Duma.
The response of the Russian people was scattered
violence. This was the prelude to Stolypin embarking on
fierce repression until 1911.
The Second Duma, FebruaryJune 1907
This duma was made up of Kadets, Social Revolutionaries
and Social Democrats.…read more

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SR's 0 37 0 0
Trudoviks 136 104 13 10
Octobrists 17 54 155 95
Progressivist 27 28 28 41
Rightists 6 10 147 154
National 60 93 26 22
Others 0 50 0 0
Kadets 182 98 54 53
In conclusion
The Duma was never a truly parliamentary institution ­ and
the government had never intended it to be one.…read more


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