Slides in this set
· America fought a hi-tech war, using B52 bombers, artillery,
helicopters, napalm and defoliants This killed many innocent
civilians, and failed to stop the Vietcong guerrillas.
· Working closely with the Army of the South Vietnamese
(Arvin's), the Americans tried to make it difficult for the Viet
Cong to gain support from the South Vietnamese peasants.…read more
Frustrated by lack of success on the ground, the US tried to win the war
from the air.
The B-52 is deemed by experts as the most successful military aircraft ever
· Could fly at heights that could not be seen or heard
· 8 million tons of bombs dropped between '65 and '73.
· 300 tons for every man, woman and child in Vietnam
Helicopters as Cavalry
· Of all aircraft the helicopter, mainly
the Bell Huey, was the most useful
· Would transport platoons in and
out of the jungle quickly
· Used as air ambulances as well.
· Provided air cover to Platoons on
the ground and spotters…read more
Operation Rolling Thunder began with dropping millions of tons of High
Explosive bombs, a gradually intensifying air bombardment of military bases,
supply depots, and infiltration routes in North Vietnam and Ho Chi Minh
trail. They launched from bases in Thailand and the plan was to destroy the
North Vietnamese Economy
Designed to maim rather than kill.
Agent Orange Bombs would explode and spew out
The USAF started `Operation Ranch thousands of pellets and needles on the
Hand' the defoliation land below.
programme, using Agent Orange.
A deadly chemical cocktail,
containing dioxin, killed off millions Napalm
of acres of jungle to try to weaken While used in World War II and the
the VC . The dioxin got into the Korean War, napalm became notorious
food chain causing chromosome in Vietnam. It was a sticky gel that
damage to humans. There were attaches to the skin, a mixture of Petrol
hundreds of cases of children born and chemical thickener. It burns through
with deformities. skin, muscle and bone producing 5th
degree burns and most victims died
from the ordeal.…read more
They attempted to place peasants in fortified villages at night, where they
couldn't be `infiltrated'. It was very unpopular with the peasants who
resented being so far away from their rice fields and ancestors.
VC then demolished many of the fortified villages anyway.
Search and destroy
Patrols went out looking for `Charlie', as they
called the Vietcong, supported by air and
artillery when attacked. They would descend
on villages and kill any VCs found.
But the patrols were very visible, and easy to
ambush. They had inadequate intelligence,
inexperienced troops were often hit by booby
traps and civilian casualties were high. This
also demoralised the soldiers, who realised
they were being used just as bait.
This led to atrocities such as "zippo raids" to
burn villages, and the unprovoked massacre of
peaceful villagers at My Lai in 1968.…read more
The North Vietnamese and the Viet Cong knew they could not
beat the technologically superior Army of the United States so
had to use other tactics.
They fought a guerrilla war, ambushing US patrols, setting
booby traps and landmines, and planting bombs in towns.
They mingled in with the peasants, wearing ordinary clothes
so Americans couldn't identify who the enemy was.…read more