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By Olivia Blanchet 7/4/2010




Summary of carbonyl compounds
Observation on
explanation of
Oxidising agents Conditions oxidation of an
observation
aldehyde
the orange
dichromate (6)
acidified the orange
boil gently ion. Is reduced
potassium solution turns
(reflux) to green
dichromate (6) green
chromium (3)
ion.
Fehling's solution
the CU ion is…

Page 2

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By Olivia Blanchet 7/4/2010




butanal CHCHCHCHO butanone CHCOCHCH




Aldehydes and ketones contain the carbonyl group,
C=O. In aldehydes the carbonyl group is joined to
just one other carbon atom; in ketones the carbonyl
group is joined to two other carbon atoms.


The systematic names of aldehydes are derived
from the…

Page 3

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By Olivia Blanchet 7/4/2010




Aldehydes are readily oxidsed under mild conditions
to carboxylic acids. Ketones are not oxidised under
mild conditions.
The polar nature of the carbonyl group in aldehydes
and ketones enables them to undergo nucleophilic
addition of hydrogen cyanide to form
hydroxynitriles.

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