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Study: Cohen et al 1993 ­ study of life stress and vulnerability to the cold virus

Description: Cohen produced a stress index based on scores on questionnaires measuring stressful
life events in the previous year, degree of current stress, level of negative emotions such as
depression. He asked 394 volunteers…

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Findings: NK cell activity was significantly reduced during their exams compared with a month before.
The greatest reductions in NK activity was in those who also experienced higher levels of social

Strengths: The study uses physiological measures which gives clear and objective data. The study
also uses naturally occurring…

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Study: Rahe's Prospective 1970 research study of the effects of LCU's for navy personnel.

Description: In this study 2,500 healthy male U.S. navy personnel filled in the SRRS based on the
previous 6 months and then were studied over the subsequent 7 months whilst at sea. Records of
attendance at…

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Findings: Sarason still found that, in general, negative life events correlate positively with illness.
Others argue that major life events are comparatively rare experiences and that daily hassles actually
cause us more stress and harm.

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Study: Marmot 1997's study to examine the relationship between control in the workplace and the
risk of developing CHD.

Description: Marmot analysed data from over 7000 Ps, civil servants, who were observed for
relationships between workload control and stress of illness. Ps were followed up over 5 years. All

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Study: Russek 1962 looked at heart disease in medical professionals.

Description: High stress doctors e.g. G.P.s and anaesthetists suffered

Findings: At follow-up 256 had suffered a heart attack. Those who scored highest on the anger scale
were two and a half times more likely to have a heart attack than…

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Study: Denolett 2000 ­ Relationship between Type D personality and CHD.

Description: Type D personalities are people who are distressed, socially inhibited and also
experience a lot of negative emotions. These characteristics have been found to be associated with
an increased risk of CHD.

Study: Rukholm and Viverais 1993 ­…

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Study: Mullis and Chapman 2000 ­ Individual differences in Coping Strategies

Description: Research by Mullis and Chapman indicates that adolescents with high self-esteem tend
to use more problem-focused strategies whereas those with lower self-esteem tend to use more
emotion-focused strategies. However this research was only done with 11-17 year olds…


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