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He said that education is responsible for the transmission of
EMILE DURKHEIM norms and values; creating social solidarity & belonging through
subjects such as history and RE. It's also involved in economic
training for a specialised labour force ( why schools have
become more vocational)

He said…

Page 2

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These sociologists criticise cultural deprivation theory by
WESTERGAARD AND arguing that w/c parents do have the same values and interest
in their child's education ­ it is simply their circumstances
RESLER which place limits on their actions e.g. work shifts so cant
attend parents evening.

Supports cultural capital theory­ found…

Page 3

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He observed kindergartens and provides support for Hargreaves
findings. Within 8 days of school experience, children had been
RIST divided into tables. Where as the teacher claimed this was `ability'
based, they were actually based on whether the children
(1970) conformed to teacher's m/c standards.

ROSENTHAL AND Studied the effects…

Page 4

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Sees the impact of equal opportunity policies as a key reason
BOALER for girls achievement as school as become meritocratic. Girls,
who genuinely work harder than boys, can now achieve their
(1998) potential.

These sociologists argue that the introduction of coursework
MITSOS AND has raised female achievement as it draws…

Page 5

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He claims that ethnic minorities tend to cling onto their
SCRUTON historical roots rather than embrace British culture. As this
(1986) is what the British education system is based on, such groups
find it difficult to succeed.

This sociologist found that by the age of 16, Asian children

Page 6

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This sociologists investigated 3 classes in an inner city multi
CONNOLLY (1998) ethnic primary school. When looking at both black boys and
girls, and Asian boys and girls, found that masculinity,
femininity and ethnicity all interacted to shape achievement.


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