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History ­ Stalin's Russia

Power Struggle ­ 1924 ­ 1929

`What you need to know:' 6 P's

· Personality
· Position in the Party
· Performance
· Politics
· Policies
· Popularity

o Stalin ­ Grey Blur
o Bukharin ­…

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o Stalin ­ stayed to the centre. Pragmatic commitment to NEP. Ideologically committed
to industrialisation and socialism in one county. Called Grey Blur
o Bukharin - Was to the Right Wing of the Party with Ideological Acceptance of the
NEP, Ideologically committed to industrialisation in the distant Future, Socialism in…

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Transformation of the Soviet Union

Causes of the introduction of the policy
Course/events of the policy
Consequences of the policy
For collectivisation, industrialisation (Five Year Plans), social policy


Causes of Collectivisation

Economic Factors

Decline in harvest after record grain harvest in 1926 pushed prices up, which led to a…

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December 1929 ­ Stalin instructed to `liquidate the kulaks'. Marked end of capitalism and
sped up collectivisation. Meant immediate collectivisation of farming in Russia.
Led to rebellion ­ Kulaks destroyed what machinery they had instead of giving it to
Stalin sent in the 25,000ers to `offer support' to the…

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Communist revolution had taken place in a county that was a hundred years behind the other
Stalin wanted to make the dream of socialism a reality ­ he said `We are a fifty or hundred
years behind the advanced countries, we must make good this lag in ten years.…

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Abolition of Free Market and replace with a centrally planned economy ­ it did work ­ but it
led to the formation of a black market in things like vodka, cigarettes, footwear and food.
Soviets tried to stamp it out but failed.
The 2nd five year plan was over-fulfilled by…

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Stalin's Paranoia
Red Army not really under his control
Old Communists knew of the last Will & Testament
Trotsky, Zinoviev & Bukharin had all fallen from grace within the
party and thus he thought it could happen to him
Stalin felt unable to trust many in the communist party

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as German economy was smaller than Russia in 1940 Germany's GDP = $387
billion. USSRs = $417 billion
56% of Russia's National Income was devoted to the war by 1942. Higher
than Britain, German or America.
Germany (Goering and Hitler) insisted upon keeping QoL high to ensure
Popular Support. This…

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have some special equipment but problem with logistics (and the fact that
600,000 horses that were the main transporters at the time were dieing
from cold) meant it could not get to the front
Failure to retract from ideology ­ continued to treat Russians as `sub-human'
despite their joy and…

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Allies could surround the Germans and make them fight on three fronts ­
something they would struggle to cope with.
Relationship between USA/UK and USSR was uneasy due to nature of
democracy/lack of
Roosevelt extended Lend-Lease to USSR in November 1941
12 % of Aeroplanes, 10% of tanks, and 2%…


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