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Social Structure in Russia

Tsar ­ no one else to challenge their power.

Court, Ministers and Civil Servants 3.7% - Imperial Council

Cabinet of Ministers ­ listen to ideas

Senate ­ make laws

Russian Orthodox Church 1.1% ­ conservative, obey the Tsar, their role and position is God's will and…

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Westernisers
o Adopts western ideas ­ thought that they could learn form
the west.
o Literature and discussions.

Growing Criticism

1836-54 the amount of university students doubled and a large proportion began to think
for themselves.
Repression
Tsars authority




Land of Tsars

Nicholas I

On the 14th December 1825, Nicholas…

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In 1861 he emancipated (freed) the serfs because modernisation wasn't possible with
serfs and people were needed to work in factories.
Peasants were granted ownership of the house where they lived and the land ­ the land
lord needed compensation.
Redemption payments ­ peasants forced to pay over 49 years…

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