First 235 words of the document:
Sociology Family Unit Explanations of Family Diversification
Functionalist Views: Parsons
Parson argued that changes in the functions of the family also involved a change
in structure. He argues that in preindustrial societies an extended family system
made it easier to carry out the wider range of functions required. In industrial
societies this extended system is no longer needed and may in fact, be a
positive disadvantage. He suggest that this was because:
1. The nuclear family unit contains the basic roles of mother, father and
children needed to carry out the family's essential function. The functions
of the extended family have been taken over by specialised agencies, for
example the welfare state.
2. The workforce in industrial societies needs to be geographically mobile.
Nuclear families can move from place to place more easily in search for
jobs and are not so tied down by obligations to, and dependence on, kin.
Parsons argues that the isolated nuclear family is the typical family structure in
industrial society. Although there are social relationships with relatives outside
the nuclear family, these have become a matter of choice rather than obligation.
Young and Willmott: Privatisation and the Family
They suggest that there is a long term trend away from extended family networks
towards what they term the privatised nuclear family.