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What is Educational Policy?
· Government strategies for education
· Introduced through legal changes and instructions to
schools
· Until the 19th Century, education was only provided by
church or private schools
· Industrialisation created a need for an educated and
trained workforce
· This led to the development of compulsory state-run
education…read more

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THE DEVELOPMENT OF
STATE EDUCATION…read more

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Before 1870
· Public schools educated the children of upper classes
· Grammar schools taught children of the middle classes
· Both types of school were fee paying
· Working-class children were limited to elementary schools
run by churches and charities
· Standards were often appallingly low
· 1/3 of children received no schooling at all…read more

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The 1870 Education Act
· Aimed to `fill the gaps' left by church and charity schools
· Provided state-run elementary schools for 5-11 year olds
· Charged a maximum fee of nine pence a week
· In 1880, elementary education was made compulsory up
to the age of 10
· Aimed to teach basic literacy and numeracy, `morality' and
Biblical knowledge
· In 1891, elementary education was made free
· The school leaving age was raised to 12 in 1889 and to
14 in 1918…read more

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The 1902 Education Act
· This Act made local authorities responsible for secondary
education
· Encouraged the building of fee-paying grammar schools
· Many offered free places for children from low-income
backgrounds who passed a scholarship exam
· There were three types of school for children from
different class backgrounds:
Elementary schools for the working classes
Grammar schools for the middle classes
Public schools for the upper classes…read more

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