Simple Learning Theory +/-

There are the strengths and weaknesses of both classical and operant conditioning as well as the strengths and weaknesses of the behavioural approach overall.

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  • Created by: Mollie
  • Created on: 21-11-11 11:20
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CLASSICAL Explains how animals (including Reflex- biological predisposition- goes
(Pavlov) humans) can learn to link an against behavioural app.
existing behaviour to a new Seligman- cannot generalise to other
stimuli species (extrapolation).
`Preparedness'- animal only learn
things that they need- humans learn for
da bantz. (prepared, unprepared,
Taste-Aversion theory (Garcia et al
1977)- only takes one go to be
conditioned- CC says it takes many
goes to condition
OPERANT Different experimental settings- Breland &Breland Instictive Drift-
(Skinner) all of which were successful animals will always revert back to their
Explains how animals (including normal behaviour- extinct very fast.
humans) can learn totally new and
complex behaviour
Cognitive Approach- changing the view on the world therefore changing the mind set and
behaviour of the animal
Biological Approach- Reflexes/Genetic influences (what animals can and cannot learn- rats can be
conditioned with taste but not smells)
Evolutionary Approach- learning new behaviour because of changing climates and degradation in
food sources.
HARD DETERMINISM totally determined by the social environment
around the animal
NURTURE again totally influenced by the social context of
the animal
REDUCTIONIST does not take into account other approaches eg:
APPLICATION Training schools for pets, understanding how
human behaviour may work
METHOD Lab Experiments, Observations (overt and
researcher was involved)
CULTURAL DIFFERENCES Different kinds of animals- wild or house trained

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