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SECULARISATION SUMMARY
Wilson (1966) ­ argued that western societies had been undergoing a long-term process of secularisation.
He defines secularisation as:
"The process whereby religious beliefs, practices and institutions lose social significance" (Wilson,
1966)
Wilson concludes that Britain has become a secular society.




.




Weber (1905) ­ a process of…

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Social and Cultural Diversity
The industrialisation brought diversity of occupation, cultures and lifestyles which undermine
religion.
Even where people are religious, they cannot avoid knowing others around them hold very different
views.
Bruce (2002) ­ plausibility (believability) of beliefs is undermined by alternatives and because of
individualism.




Bruce (2002) ­…

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Secularisation in America

In 1962, Wilson found ­ 45% of Americans attended church on Sundays.
However, argued that this was more an expression of the "American way of life" than deep religion
belief.
Bruce (2002) agreed & claimed that America was a secular society & is being coming increasingly
secular.…

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· Religious diversity increases participation because it offers choice. No overall downward
trend.

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Isaiah Cole

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