rwandan forced migration

This is one of my research pages on the rwandan genocide and forced migration in 1994 case study. Its brief but informative, so i think its helpful. x

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  • Created on: 10-03-09 21:59
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Geography ­ Rwanda questions
Rwanda is in central Africa, east of
Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The separation between the Hutu and the
Tutsi, is based more upon social class than
ethnicity, as there are no significant lingual,
physical, or cultural differences between
On 6th April 1994 genocide was sparked
when the Rwandan president Juvenal
Habyarimana's plane was shot from the air
above Kigali airport.
With less than hours after the attack, a
campaign of violence spread from the capital
throughout the country, and did not subside
until three months later.
In Kigali, the presidential guard immediately
initiated an operation of retribution. Leaders
of the political opposition were murdered,
and almost instantly, the slaughter of Tutsis
and moderate Hutus began.
In the months that followed it is estimated that 800,000 Tutsis and Hutus were killed.
Encouraged by the presidential guard and radio propaganda, an unofficial armed force
group called the Interahamwe (meaning those who attack together) was mobilized. At its
highest, this group was 30,000strong.
Soldiers and police officers encouraged regular citizens to join in. In some cases, Hutu
civilians were forced to kill their Tutsi neighbours by military personnel. Participants were
often bribed with things, such as money or food, and some were even told they could
appropriate the land of the Tutsis they killed.
Genocide is the deliberate and planned destruction of an ethnic, racial, religious or national
group. Genocide can be defined as "any of the following acts committed with intent to
destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such: killing
members of the group causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group
deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life, calculated to bring about its physical
destruction in whole or in part imposing measures intended to prevent births within the
group and forcibly transferring children of the group to another group."
As soon as it became evident that the RPF was victorious, an estimated two million Hutus
fled to Zaire (now the Democratic Republic of Congo). These refugees include many who
have since been mixed up in the massacres. Thousands of them died in epidemics of
diseases common to the squallor of refugee camps, such as cholera and dysentery.


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