Migration is the movement of people from one place to another. The reasons for migration can be economic, social, political or environmental. There are usually push factors and pull factors at work.
Migration impacts on both the place left behind, and on the place where migrants settle.
Why do people migrate?
People migrate for many different reasons. These reasons can be classified as economic, social, political or environmental:
- economic migration - moving to find work or follow a particular career path
- social migration - moving somewhere for a better quality of life or to be closer to family or friends
- political migration - moving to escape political persecution or war
- environmental causes of migration include natural disasters such as flooding
Resons to migrate
Some people choose to migrate, eg someone who moves to another country to enhance their career opportunities. Some people are forced to migrate, eg someone who moves due to war or famine.
A refugee is someone who has left their home and does not have a new home to go to. Often refugees do not carry many possessions with them and do not have a clear idea of where they may finally settle.
Push factors are the reasons why people leave an area. They include:
- lack of services
- lack of safety
- high crime
- crop failure
Pull factors are the reasons why people move to a particular area. They include:
- higher employment
- more wealth
- better services
- good climate
- safer, less crime
- political stability
- more fertile land
- lower risk from natural hazards