First 678 words of the document:
Emotivism Intuitionism Prescriptivism
Case studies and headlines DEF
You can't say moral You can't prove When making moral · VOLUNTARY EUTHANASIA A PATIENT FREELY
± Thomas Hyde, ALS (what Stephen Hawking has), Dr Kevorkian
statements are moral truths (just statements, we need to helped him to die in the US CHOOSES TO DIE
be consistent, · NON-VOLUNTARY EUTHANASIA PATIENT CANNOT
`true' or `false' like you can't prove imagining ourselves on ± Dianne Pretty, motor neurone disease, UK courts would not
because they're that the physical let her have help to die CHOOSE EITHER WAY (E.G. IS IN A COMA)
the receiving end. We
just how we feel. world exists) you should want everyone ± Dax Cowart, extensive burns, US, was not allowed to die and · INVOLUNTARY EUTHANASIA PATIENT DOES NOT
suffered years of painful treatment WISH TO DIE (E.G. NAZIS KILLING PEOPLE WITH
just know. to behave as we have
prescribed. ± Tony Bland, Hilsborough victim left in a Persistent Vegetative
State (PVS) had his life support system turned off · PASSIVE EUTHANASIA ALLOWING DEATH TO
µ "X is good" is an µ "Good" is indefinable. µ "You ought to do X" is ± Euthanasia policy (alleged) for hurricane Katrina victims OCCUR; `LETTING NATURE TAKE ITS COURSE'
emotional exclamation. µ Basic moral truths are a universalisable
It doesn't mean any selfevident to a mature prescription an ± BMA no longer opposes euthanasia laws · ADVANCE DIRECTIVES (LIVING WILLS)
more than saying mind. instruction, not a fact. ± `Million Dollar Baby' and `The Sea Inside' support a pro- STATEMENT OF HOW SOMEONE WOULD LIKE TO
"Wahey X!" µ There are objective µ You need to be euthanasia stance BE TREATED IF THEY FALL SERIOUSLY ILL
µ There are no objective moral truths. informed, imaginative · PERSISTENT VEGITATIVE STATE (PVS) - BRAIN-
moral truths. and consistent.
± Dutch doctors called for euthanasia for some newborns
µ You pick your moral µ There are no objective ± Brits travel to Switzerland to die STEM DEAD WITH NO HOPE OF RECOVERY
principles by following moral truths, but some ± Dr Kevorkian helped over 100 to die; he finally went to prison when
your feelings. moral claims are self he pressed the button for Thomas Youk (who had ALS and couldn't
move to press it himself)
± The Voluntary Euthanasia Society is now called Dignity in Dying
Bentham Hedonic Calculus
S REMOTENESS near?
² Catholic Nicaraguan girl, 9 years old, raped · WHEN DOES PERSONHOOD BEGIN? v Teleological PURITY free from pain?
doctors excommunicated · FOETUS' RIGHTS? v Consequentialist RICHNESS other pleasures?
² 1973, Roe vs Wade a woman has a · MOTHER'S RIGHTS? INTENSITY powerful?
constitutional right to abort (USA) in 2003 · FATHER'S RIGHTS? v ACT Utilitarian CERTAINTY likely?
`Roe' changed her mind · THOMSON IS ABORTION SELFDEFENSE? v Hedonistic EXTENT affect others?
² 2001, Rev Jepson tried to charge doctors · CAN FOETUSES FEEL PAIN? v Quantitative DURATION longlasting?
for aborting a 28 week foetus with a cleft · SHOULD FOETAL TISSUE/EGGS BE USED?
· IS SOME CONTRACEPTION ABORTION? Mill
² Under 16s don't require parental consent
· SHOULD FOETUSES WITH DISABILITIES HAVE
² 2001, Stephen Hone failed to stop ex from
aborting their child
FEWER RIGHTS? v RULE Utilitarian
² Rowan Williams wants laws reviewed due · SHOULD UNDER 16S HAVE PARENTAL v Qualitative
CONSENT? v Higher and lower pleasures
to scientific advancements
² Illegal abortions kill thousands in South America says the WHO
² FPA says access to abortions within 72 hours is needed Hare Singer Sidgwick
² US scientists restore sight using cells from aborted foetuses Preferences Interests Motives
² BMA says babies born in failed abortions must be cared for
² `Women on waves' Dutch abortion ship