Roaring 20s America

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USA: Roaring 20s
America's Economic Policy:
Isolationism:
The US followed a policy of Isolationism.
A policy of remaining apart from the affairs or interests of other groups, particularly the
political affairs of other countries
Why doesn't America join the League of Nations?
Isolationism America is `New World' and hate communism which is rising in Europe
Money cost of joining the LoN, worried about a loss of trade
Army 100,000 soldiers died in WW1 and they only joined in 1917
G
erman ImmigrantsGermans hated the ToV and lots of Irish too
Empire America didn't like the idea of Empire no agreements
Henry Cabot Lodge:
US Senator from the Republican Party
Strongly opposed to US involvement in the League of Nations
Wilson travelled the country and desperately tried to sell his vision of the League of Nations
to the American People.
After a speech in September 1919 he suffered a stroke and became semi invalid.
In 1920, Warren Harding, a Republican, won the election with a 61% majority, largest
majority in History at the time.
Protectionism:
Is an economic term which means:
`Economic policy of restraining trade between countries through methods such as tariffs on
imported goods, restrictive quotas, and a variety of other government regulations'

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Woodrow Wilson's Economic Policy:
He was President between 1913 and 1921
In the Treaty of Versailles he proposed:
Free Navigation of all seas
An end to economic barriers between all countries
Wilson vetoed the Emergency Tariff Bill, just before handing over the presidency to Harding.
Wilson was strongly free trade this was a principle policy of the Democratic Party.…read more

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Farm Bloc: Overproduction was causing a depression in farming. Farmers hoped it would
keep prices up.
The FordneyMcCumber law:
In 1922 the FordneyMcCumber law was passed. This put Tariffs on all foreignmade goods
entering the United States.
It was named after Joseph Fordney and Porter McCumber the legislators who designed the
law.
The Republicans believed this would make American goods cheaper and help American
Industries.…read more

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Trade worldwide trade was damaged and was eventually one of the causes of the Great
Depression.
Consequences of Isolationism:
America did not join the League of Nations
America placed limits on Immigration
America followed a policy of protectionism.
AntiImmigration in America:
American Immigration Prewar:
America was a country founded on Immigration.
Before the First World War there had been no restrictions on immigration into the US.
Immigration had a positive effect on the economic development of the country.…read more

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Prostitute Traffickers
This law began a national debate and triggered the introduction of many more laws after
WW1.
Why did AntiImmigration come about?
Prejudice: after 1880, many new immigrants were poor Catholics and Jews from Eastern
Europe. This worried the WASPs as they claimed the US was becoming a `race of mongrels'
because there were too many ethnic groups.
Red scare: Communism terrified Americans a number of bombs were planted between
1919 and 1921, one by an Italian Immigrant.…read more

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Emergency Quota Act 1921:
Warren Harding signed the bill, only 3
57,000 immigrants a
year. Only 3% of people in an ethnic group were allowed to immigrate. This bill was meant to
be temporary.
National Origins Act: Calvin Coolidge signed the bill, excluded all who couldn't become a
citizen due to race or nationality, especially Japanese.
Other policies: there was an American Citizenship Exam, `Americanization Day' 4th
July, the
courts clamped down on political crimes on immigrants.…read more

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Henry Ford famously said `A customer can have any colour as long as it's black'
By producing large numbers of cars on an assembly line Ford needed fewer skilled workers,
which cut the cost of paying wages.
CrossStimulation:
The success of Ford helped to crossstimulate other industries.
Other industries such as rubber, oil, metal, leather and glass all began to flourish because of
Ford.…read more

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People were helped by low interest rates and could borrow money off the banks.
This helped increase the boom in sales, again adding to the cycle of prosperity.
The Stock Market:
More people were investing in the Stock Market.
People may then buy shares in the company hoping that the value of the company will go
up, so that they can sell them for a higher price later on.…read more

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