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Page 1

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Source The start point of a river




Mouth Where a river enters the sea or a lake




Tributary Small river which flows into a larger
river




Confluence Where two river meet




Drainage Basin Area of land drained by a single river

Page 2

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Watershed The imaginary land that surrounds a
drainage basin




Channel The feature in which a river flows




Traction Large boulders roll along the river
bed




Saltation Small particles `jumping' along the
river bed




Suspension Small particles of clay and silt carried
along in the river




Solution Minerals are dissolved in…

Page 3

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Hydraulic power Force of the water removing
material from the bed and banks of
the river.




Corrosion/Abrasion Pebbles in the flow of the river
hitting the bed and banks removing
material.




Corrosion Rock minerals are dissolved in the
water




Attrition The load of the river colliding with
itself, breaking up…

Page 4

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Gorge Steep sided narrow valley created by
a waterfall/river retreat.




Meander Bend in the middle and lower courses
of a river




River cliff Steep river bank on the outside of a
meander




Slip off slope Gentle slope on the inside of a
meander




Oxbow lake Semi-circular lake formed by a…

Page 5

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Alluvium River deposited material




Levee Natural embankments of silt along
the banks of a river, often several
metres higher than the flood plain.




Delta The landform created when a river
splits up and flows into the sea
through more than one channel.

Comments

Mr A Gibson

Report

A document of printable flash cards - this is good for getting those key terms exactly right. Most of the terminology you will need for river processes.

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