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RELIGION AND POSTMODERNITY
Believing without belonging- Davie- religion has
become more privatised, people are still religious without church
attendance. People use church for weddings, baptisms, funerals, Bibby-
25% Canadians go to church but 80% said were religious. People go to
church at times of tragedy HOWEVER Voas and Crockett- survey showed
both belief in god and church attendance are declining, Bruce- it people
aren't prepared to invest time in God it shows the weakness of religion.
Spiritual Shopping- Harvieu-Leger- people have had cultural
amnesia and lost the collective memory, religion isn't passed through
generations + kids choose what to behave. Consumerism replaced
tradition and we are spiritual shoppers due to individualism.
Relocation of Religion- religious beliefs can be accessed
worldwide. Eg. St Pixel on internet. Harvest day at Disney Land (Lyon)-
social and religious life are becoming blurred. Religion can be adapted
for own purposes. However online churches reinforce existing beliefs so
wont attract new members.
Consumerism- `spiritual shopping' means we can pick and
choose elements that suit our individualistic beliefs. Lyon-sphere of
consumption, people haven't given up on religion but are religious
Re-enchantment- growth of unconventional beliefs and
methods of spirituality, religion isn't traditional in the west.
Religious market theory- Stark and Bainbridge- there
was no golden age of religion, the theory assumes that people are
naturally religious and people weigh up costs and benefits. When there is
more religions, supply increases so there is one that suits everyone's
need. Religious monopolies end in a decline as there's only one church.
Finke- lifting immigration restrictions in America meant there was more
demand for transcendental meditation. Stark and Bainbridge- there is a
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HOWEVER Bruce- diversity led to decline in
religion in USA and S&B are wrong in assuming the secularisation theory
claims there was a golden age in religion and everyone will be atheists.
Existential security theory- Norris and Englehart-
religion thrives in communities where the people don't feel safe. In safe
communities there's low demand for religion. Poor societies= high risk,
high disease, high famine, hence why more religious. USA has
inadequate welfare hence which its religious levels.…read more