relationship maintenance

essay plan for maintenance theories

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  • Created on: 19-01-11 12:29
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RELATIONSHIPS - MAINTENANCE ESSAY (pink points are evaluation points)
INTRODUCE ESSAY ­ A THEORY THAT ATTEMPTS TO EXPLAIN WHY A RELATIONSHIP MAY BE
MAINTAINED IS
INTRODUCE SOCIAL EXCHANGE THEORY - THIBAUT AND KELLEY, 1959
IT ASSUMES FOR A RELATIONSHIP TO CONTINUE PARTNERS NEED TO BE REWARDED AS MUCH
AS THEY REWARD PARTNERS
A STRENGTH IS THAT IT TAKES BOTH PARTNERS INTO ACCOUNT
ADDRESSESS PROBLEMS WITH MATCHING HYPOTHESIS - IF A RICH MAN VALUES BEAUTY
AND A BEAUTIFUL WOMAN VALUES MONEY RELATIONSHIP WILL BE MAINTAINED
CAN EXPLAIN DISSOLUTION ­ IF REWARDS ARE NOT GIVEN AND RECEIVED EQUALLY ­ ONE
PARTNER WILL FEEL LIKE LOSING OUT ­ DISSOLVE RELATIONSHIP
SUPPORTED BY HOMANS (1961) - WE RUN RELATIONSHIPS BY KEEPING AN EYE ON THE
EXCHANGE OF REWARDS AND COSTS ­ IF COSTS OUTWEIGH REWARDS RELATIONSHIP WILL
BE IN A STATE OF LOSS RATHER THAN PROFIT
SOME PEOPLE DO STAY IN RELATIONSHIPS WITH NO REWARDS AND HIGH COSTS ­ FOR
INSTANCE IN DOMESTIC ABUSE CASES OR WHERE ONE PARTNER IS ILL AND NEEDS PERMANTLY
LOOKING AFTER
CLARK AND MILLS (1993) ­ SUGGEST INDIVIDUALS HAVE AN EXCHANGE RELATIONSHIP
GOVERNED BY EQUITY HOWEVER COMMUNAL RELATIONSHIPS TAKE PLACE WHEN A PARTNER
REWARDS WITHOUT EXPECTING TO RECEIVE REWARDS BACK ­ CLOSER RELATIONSHIP
SUPPORTED BY CLARK ET AL'S RESEARCH (1979) ­ PARTICIPANTS MET AN ATTRACTIVE
STRANGER, EITHER TOLD THAT ­ WAS NEW TO AREA LOOKING FOR FRIENDS / MARRIED
BRIEFLY VISITING. SECOND GROUP ­ TREAT STRANGER ACCORDING TO EQUITY RULES FIRST
GROUP ­ ACTED MORE COMMUNALY ­ KIND NOT EXPECT IT BACK ECT LEV
PESSIMISTIC THEORY ­ SUGGESTS WE ARE SELFISH ALTHOUGH ALLOWS FOR THE FACT THAT
EXCHANGE MAY BECOME LESS IMPORTANT
ACCOUNTS FOR INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES- WHAT A PERSON VIEWS AS A REWARD IS
SUBJECT TO CHANGE OVER TIME
REDUCTIONIST ­ SEE'S BEHAVIOUR AS UNIVERSAL RATHER THAN SPECIFIC
CULTURAL DIFFRENCES ­ APPLIES MORE TO INDIVIDUALISTIC SOCIETIES RATHER THAN
COLLECTIVIST
ANOTHER THEORY IS INVESTMENT MODEL (RUSBULT AND LANGE (1996))
WHEN IN A RELATIONSHIP WE STAY OR GO DEPENDING ON THE INVESTMENTS YOU HAVE
MADE TO IT
INVESTMENTS INCLUDE TIME, MONEY/MORTGAGE, CHILDREN, MARRIGE, EXPERIENCES
CAN ACCOUNT FOR INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES ­ WHY SOME STAY SOME GO
SATISFACTION BEST INDICATOR OF WHETHER RELATIONSHIP IS MAINTAINED ­RELATES TO
REWARDS( THE REWARDS IN THIS RELATIONSHIP ARE BETTER THAN ALTERNATIVES)
INVESTMENTS ACT AS BARRIERS TO DISSOLUTION OF RELATIONSHIP
SUPPORTED BY JERSTAD (2005)- PARTICIPANTS HAD SUFFERED DOMESTIC ABUSE ­ THE
MOST COMMITTED VIEWED THEIR EXPERINCES AS INVESTMENTS ­ IF THEY LEFT EXPERINCES
WOULD BE WORTHLESS
EXPLAINS MAINTENANCE AND DISSOLUTION

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EXPLAINS WHY PEOPLE STAY IN DYSFUNCTIONAL RELATIONSHIPS
NOT CROSS CULTURAL
SENSATIVE ISSUE- SMALL SAMPLE…read more

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