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Post-traumatic stress disorder
(PTSD): the treatment of PTSD
in adults and children
Understanding NICE guidance ­ information for
people with PTSD, their advocates and carers,
and the public
March 2005
Information about NICE Clinical Guideline 26

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Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): the treatment of PTSD in
adults and children
Understanding NICE guidance ­ information for people with PTSD,
their advocates and carers, and the public
Issue date: March 2005
To order copies
Copies of this booklet can be ordered from the NHS Response Line--
telephone 0870 1555 455 and quote reference number N0849. A
version in English and Welsh is also available, reference number N0850.
Mae fersiwn yn Gymraeg ac yn Saesneg ar gael hefyd, rhif cyfeirnod
N0850.…read more

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About this information 3
Clinical guidelines 4
What the recommendations cover 5
How guidelines are used in the NHS 6
What is PTSD? 7
Where can I find help and treatment? 10
What treatments are available for PTSD? 13
Will I be offered psychological treatment? 14
Will I be offered medication? 20
I have other illnesses or problems besides
PTSD.…read more

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Where you can find more information 33
If you want to read the other versions
of this guideline 33
If you want more information about PTSD 34
If you want to know about related 35
NICE guidance…read more

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About this information
This information describes the guidance that
the National Institute for Clinical Excellence
(called NICE for short) has issued to the NHS
on the treatment and care of people with
post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It is based
on `Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): the
management of PTSD in adults and children in
primary and secondary care', which is a clinical
guideline produced by NICE for doctors, nurses
and others working in the NHS in England and
Wales.…read more

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Clinical guidelines
Clinical guidelines are recommendations for
good practice. The recommendations in NICE
guidelines are prepared by groups of health
workers, people representing the views of
those who have or care for someone with the
condition, and scientists. The groups look at
the evidence available on the best way of
treating or managing the condition and make
recommendations based on this evidence.
There is more about NICE and the way that
the NICE guidelines are developed on the NICE
website (…read more

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What the recommendations cover
NICE clinical guidelines can look at different
areas of diagnosis, treatment, care, self-help or a
combination of these. The areas that a guideline
covers depend on the topic. They are laid out in
a document called the scope at the start of
guideline development.…read more

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How guidelines are used in the NHS
In general, healthcare workers in the NHS are
expected to follow NICE's clinical guidelines. But
there will be times when the recommendations
won't be suitable for someone because of his or
her specific medical condition, general health,
wishes, or a combination of these.…read more

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What is PTSD?
Post-traumatic stress disorder (or PTSD for short)
is the name given to the psychological and
physical problems that can sometimes follow
particular threatening or distressing events.
These events might include:
· a major disaster
· war
· rape or sexual, physical or emotional abuse
· witnessing a violent death
· a serious accident
· traumatic childbirth
· other situations in which a person was very
afraid, horrified, helpless, or felt that his or
her life was in danger.…read more

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PTSD may affect the person directly involved in a
traumatic event or situation. It may also develop
in members of the emergency services or in
families of those involved in a traumatic event.
PTSD is quite common--up to a third of people
who have experienced a traumatic event may go
on to develop PTSD and it may affect about 8%1
of people at some point in their lives. It can
develop in people of any age, including children.…read more


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