Product Design AQA Notes for Revision on exam

revision notes on product design AQA

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What is design movement?
· New, distinct styles at certain times in history.
· Examples of design movement:
The crystal palace was a masterpiece of design and engineering.
Textile design.
· Art Nouveau: This design style took its name from a shop that opened in Paris in 1895.
Based on the organic lines of climbing plants and Japanese art, it was popular with
designers of glass, furniture, fabrics and wrought ironwork. Some of them most famous
designs are the lamps of Louis C. Tiffany, and the world of Rene Lalique.
· The Art and Crafts Movement: William Morris founded the Arts and Crafts movements at
the end of the 19th century. His designs for wallpaper, furniture and textiles were
inspired by organic shapes and patterns found in nature. Morris was a socialist, firmly
against poor working conditions and the damage done to the environment by
industrialisation. He was keen to promote the production of quality products. His work
used expensive materials and traditional techniques that only the wealthy could afford.
· Modernism: Modernist designs were made ergonomically, using appropriate materials
and very little decoration. Designers like Charles Rennie Mackintosh moved away from
organic lines and started to use geometric shapes, which were also easier to mass
· Bauhaus: The Bauhaus was a school of art and design, founded in Germany by Walter
Gropius. Between 1919 and 1933, Bauhaus designers used modern materials and
mass-production methods. Experimental work using colour and form was encourage to
produce designs that were both artistic and skilled, while following the underlying
principle that form should follow function.
· Art Deco: This fashionable and glamorous period of design was influenced by other
design movements, as well as ancient Egyptian art. Used in interior design between 1920
and 1939, its influence can also be seen in the architecture of the time. Clarice Cliff, a
famous designer of ceramics, decorated her work using this bright, bold style until the
Second World War when it became illegal to use time and resources on decorating
· De Stijl: Using basic shapes and primary colours, this movement took geometric design
to another level. Founded in Holland by a group of painters and architects, including
Theo Van Doesburg, it was the inspiration for a range of furniture and architecture that
used only the essential form and colour in the design.
· three things product design is influenced by:
The discovery of new materials
Iconic Products
Manufacturing and Technological Developments
Fashion, trends and the latest thinking
The three main influences of the 'streamlined age':
The rapid growth in transport design
The interest on science
The race to put the first man on the moon
Chloe Dickinson Product Design Revision

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Streamline: Design or provide with a form that presents very little resistance to a flow of
air or water, increasing speed and ease of movement.
Idea's from other designers
Retro styling - basically taking designs from the 'old ages' and producing them with modern
electronic components inside.
Natural form and pattern - Major influences of product design. Patterns from nature are often
used by designers.
CAM- Computer aided manufacturing & CAD- Computer Aided Design
CAM relies on data known as machine code.…read more

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Manufacturing boards-
These are timber sheets which are made either gluing layers or wood fibres together
Ferrous Metals - Mostly consist of iron and small quantities of other elements and metals.
Ferrous metals are prone to rusting if exposed to moisture and can be picked up by a magnet
Non- Ferrous metals - Don't contain any iron at all. Therefore do not rust when exposed to
moisture and are not attracted to a magnet: Zinc, aluminium, tin.…read more

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Ultrasonic Welding: The use of very high frequency vibrations to generate heat within the area
to be joined, thereby allowing the materials to fuse together.
Adhesive: A compound that bonds item's together.
Polishing: a surface application applied to wood, metal and plastic.
Sealing: treating a surface with a solvent-based chemical to protect the surface against damage
by moisture or other contaminants.
Electrolysis: using electric currents to transfer particles from one item to the surface of
another.…read more

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Stoneware: a ceramic material fired at high temperature
Porcelain: a ceramic material fired at a very high temperature
Glaze: a way of sealing and decorating a ceramic product
Chloe Dickinson Product Design Revision…read more


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