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Slide 1

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Code A
· deals with the exercise by police officers of statutory powers to search a person or a vehicle
without first making an arrest. it also deals with the need for a police officer to make a record
of a stop to encounter.
Code B
· deals with the police powers to search premises and to seize and retain property found on
the premises and persons.
Code C
· Code C sets out the requirements for the detention, treatment and questioning of suspects
not related to terrorism in police custody by police officers.
Code D
· Concerns the main methods used by the police to identify people in connection with the
investigation of offences and the keeping of accurate and reliable criminal records.
Code E
· deals with the audio recording of the interviews with suspects in the police station.
Code F
· deals with the visual recording with sound of the interviews with suspects. there is no
statutory requirement on police officers to visually record interviews. However, the contents
of this code should be considered if an interviewing officer decides to make a visual
recording with sound of an interview with a suspect.
Code G
· deals with the powers of arrest under section 24 the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984
as amended by section 110 of the Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005.
Code H
· Code H sets out the requirements for the detention, treatment and questioning of suspects
related to terrorism in police custody by police officers.…read more

Slide 2

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POLICE POWERS ­ S+S
· Powers given under Police And Criminal Evidence Act
(1984) ­ PACE
· Main S+S powers under S1
­ Gives police right to search people and vehicles in a public
place
· Police need to have reasonable suspicion to S+S
­ Stolen goods or prohibited articles (knives)
· Police need to state name + station else S+S unlawful
­ Osman v DPP (1999)
· To remove clothing, needs to be out of public view e.g. Van…read more

Slide 3

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POLICE POWERS ­ S+S
· Reasonable suspicion ­ Act on Information/Behaviour
· Cannot Search on basis of ­ Age, Gender, Appearance(unless
gang related), Race, Previous Convictions.
Can Also S+S under ­
· Misuse Of Drugs Act (1971)
­ For drugs
· Terrorism Act (2000)
­ Reasonable suspicion of terrorism ­ Can ask to remove headgear + shoes
· Criminal Justice and Public Order Act (1994)
­ Anticipation of violence, has to be authorised by senior officer.…read more

Slide 4

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POLICE POWERS ­ ARREST
· Involvement or suspected involvement of an offence
· Police Officer has reasonable ground for person's arrest
Serious Organised Crime and Police Act (2005) ­ SOCPA
Allows police to S+S anyone at anytime for an offence in past, present
and future.
· SOCPA is balanced with The Necessity Test ­ Is and Arrest needed to:
1 ­ Gain Address and Name
2 ­ Prevent harm to an individual or property
3 ­ Protect Child/Vulnerable person
4 ­ Aid Investigation
5 ­ Prevent Flight
Code Of Practice G ­ Police must notify person of arrest. Lawful arrest:
- Person was/is/going to be in a crime
- Necessary?…read more

Slide 5

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POLICE POWERS ­ DETENTION
· Arrive ­ custody officer decides whether to detain.
· 6 hours ­ Review by custody officer
· Every 9 hours another review
· Can Detain 24 hours up to 36 hours (Senior officer
permission)
· Extension to 96 hours (Indictable + Apply to
Magistrates)
­ Charge or release
· Extension to 28 days (Terrorism)…read more

Slide 6

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POLICE POWERS ­ DETENTION
Suspects Rights: ­ Must be given Written notice:
· Someone informed ­ Can be delayed to 36 hrs by senior
· Told of right to legal advice ­ Can
· Consult Codes of Practice
Other Rights:
· If under 17 or mentally ill then right to appropriate adult
· Right to phone call ­ Police can refuse
· Adequately lit, heated, cleaned and ventilated room
· Regular meals + Drinks
· 8 hours straight rest in 24 hours…read more

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