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Ancient Greek influences on philosophy of religion
Plato: analogy of the cave
The story:
There are some prisoners in a cave, who are bound in such a way that they can only see the back wall.
Behind them is a wall the height of a person and a fire. On…

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No proof
Makes you feel uneasy
If the highest form of knowledge is the Form of Good, how can we know what Goodness is when two
people of equal intelligence come to different conclusions about right and wrong? Plato suggests that the
form of Good keeps in existence the whole…

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existence. To understand the forms, the mind must free itself from imagery.
The Form of the Good and the relation between the Form of the Good and other Forms: Plato
believed that all of the Forms were connected work together. He justifies it through his study of
mathematics, proportions and…

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Aristotle: ideas about cause and purpose in relation to God
The causes:
Aristotle believed that the Form exists within an object itself he thought that what was in the human soul
was simply a reflection of the real world. The matter of a thing can exist after the thing itself…

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shares the nature of the object of thought. If then God is always in that good state in which we
sometimes are, this compels our wonder. And God is in a better state. And life also belong s to God
for the actuality of thought is life and God is…

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cause of a person, the second being the efficient cause)
ü Scientific and religious explanations of the origin of the universe have often been seen as in conflict
with each other, but Aristotle`s theory shows us that this need not be the case. A scientist may look
at the efficient…

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