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History Revision- Pitt to Peel

Britain 1783 Context
To celebrate their wealth and show their status, landowners would build large
4 course rotation- you rotate the crops which you grow in each field in order to
recover the nutrients in each field. This increases productivity
Turnips were used…

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Pessimists say the industrial revolution led to capitalism and people became
subjected to the economic cycle
o Thomas Malthus- population increases exponentially, resources increase
arithmetically. Population will outstrip food supply. There was a worry that
the British population was going to run out of control
18th century Britain was…

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Appeared scared of an election. Was concerned about royal influence but
supposedly believed in the power of the people- contradictory
Friends and connections of other ministers provided a limited block of votes
His survival brought over support and disheartened some of the opposition
Sincere commitment to parliamentary reform…

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The heir to the throne is not an appealing character- Fox plays court politics
George goes mad, who should now rule?
Demonstrates that Pitt's hold on power was dependent on the king
The only way Pitt can hold on to power is to try to define the powers of the…

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Administrative policy
Believed in making government more accountable
Administrative policies introduced to cut waste and improve efficiency in the running
of government
Pitt also believed in meritocratic government
1784 India Act
o Designed to remove the exclusive rights of the East India Trading Company
in financial administration in India

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Not responsible
How important was royal support to Pitt's ministry 1782-93?
Not important

The radical threat of the 1790s
Challenges and strains
French revolution
o In 1792 the revolution became bloody and scared a large majority of British
people away from radicalism.
o There were 10,000 French immigrants in…

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oSocieties were set up to discuss radical issues and campaign for change, such
as the London corresponding society, which had over 5000 members at its
o The celebration of bastille day in Britain emphasises the support for
radicalism at the time
o The outbreak of millenarianism gave people the…

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help as it was obviously in Pitt's interest that support for radicalism be
squashed. There was also a reluctance to persecute the rig leaders of the
loyalist rioters.
How close to Revolution was Britain in the 1790s?
How did Pitt deal with the threat?
Legislative measures
Royal proclamation 1792 prohibited…

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oFox said that anyone who advocated even the mildest measure of reform
was liable to transportation- excessive
By making radicalism against the law Pitt worsened the situation
o Forced radical to go underground
o Increased the danger by raising the stakes
Spies and informers used gave license to `bully boys'…

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Local magistrates, alarmed by reports that the march had insurrectionary aims, called
in troops to break up the gathering
Most dispersed peacefully but some were arrested
9th June Jeremiah brandreth led the iron workers, stockingers and farm labourers of
the Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire border around the village of pentrich…




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