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Life after death
Dualism- Plato:
The soul is distinct from the body as the soul is immortal and the body, mortal. At the end of human life the soul is set
free from the body which is seen as a prison. The Soul's ultimate goal is to reach the world…

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Materialism- John Hick:
Hick rejects Dualism but argues for the concept of bodily resurrection. Humans are a unity of physical body and soul
and these two cannot be separated.

Replica theory:
Resurrection is the divine action of creating replicas of us and putting them in different locations. The replica is…

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Religious language
Univocal language-words have the same meaning when applied to God as they do when applied to anything else.
(brings God down to human level)
Equivocal language- words have different meanings when applied to God. (Raises issues of understanding what it
means when applied to God.)
Cognitive/Non-cognitive debate: Cognitive…

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Mitchell: Argued that religious believers do allow things to be contrary to their beliefs. For example they accept that
there is a problem with evil in the world however, they refuse to allow this to ruin their beliefs as they are
committed. He uses a parable of a stranger in…

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Bultman attempted to demythologise the New testament by removing supernatural occurrences such as miracles but
the meanings behind the stories became clear to be the importance.

What qualifies as a myth? There could be issues if two myths contradict each other
The values shown in myths can change over…

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God is revealed to the world in a variety of ways including scripture, the natural world and miracles. Revelation is
used to describe any act in which God is revealed. It is often referred to as `divine disclosure'. Examples of revelation
are the Quran being revealed to Muhammad and…

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Propositional Revelation through Scripture:
The bible is the word of God. The role of the authors is limited and the inspiration for all the books within the bible is
divine. `Verbal inspiration' has been said to indicate the divine origins which inspired the authors. God therefore
effectively dictated the words.…

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Religious experience
There are two types of religious experience, direct and indirect. An example of direct would be Paul seeing the risen
Jesus on the road to Damascus. James describes religious experiences as the experience of the divine. Writers
distinguish between these divine experiences and everyday experiences. Direct religious experiences…

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Religious experiences only seem to happen to people who are already members of religious institutions.
Mackie argues that if they are explained psychologically, then they hold no significance to the person that
experienced it.

Are religious experiences veridical?
It is difficult to demonstrate that the religious experiences are what they…

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The nature of God
The traditional definition of God is that he is eternal, has omniscience, omnipotence and omnibenevolence. God is
simple which means he does not have individual parts. To talk of God is to talk of a being which simply exists. God is
unchanging as he lacks nothing…


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