Slides in this set
Why was the One Child Policy
introduced in the first place?
· China serves nearly 25% of the world's population.
· To control rapid growth of Natural Increase in China.
· There is a very high population density which would
cause a problem because there wouldn't be enough
resources to provide everybody.
· Avoid a crisis similar to the catastrophic famine during
the early 1960s.
· Try and ease social, environmental and economical
issues in the country.
· Provide better lifestyles for the people in China.
· People consider this strategy to be harsh on the people.…read more
Factors which encourage people to
have only one child.
· Better lifestyles are promised for the families.
· Later marriages in life.
· Better retirement pensions.
· The mother is granted a longer maternity leave
than in other countries.
· Salary rise for the parents
· Free education for their children.
· The child gets priority for a job in the future.…read more
Factors which force people to only
have one child.
· Family planning inspections
· Abortions-for up to 9 months
· Penalties will be applied-10% salary cut.
· Special taxes will be demanded.
· Sterilisation would be threatened on the parents.
· Parents would have to pay for BOTH children's
education for healthcare and the whole family.
· Second children born abroad are not penalised
but they are not allowed to become Chinese
Problems which have resulted from
One Child Policy.
· Only child (no siblings)
· Infanticide (female)
· Increasing number of children left in orphanages (mainly girls)
· The ancient tradition of large Chinese families have died away.
· Many families are left to fund for their own 2nd child (meaning 10%
or more of the parent's income)
· People living in the countryside will suffer because they would not
have a big enough workforce to help them on the land.
· Children become over-indulged because they're (single) children.
· It has prevented around 400 millions of births.
· The government has a control of the private lives of people.…read more
Benefits which have resulted from
the One Child Policy.
· The population would grow at a slower rate.
· Women have more time to focus on careers which
means they have achieved more.
· With people earning more money, they can afford to
break the rules, pay the penalties and take the
consequences of a second child.
· Large numbers of people have been taken out of poverty
as there are more resources to go around.
· There is less pollution.
· Better living conditions
· Less competitions for good schools and…read more