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Case Study: China's one child policy (p112)
Where is China?
China is located in Eastern Asia, between North Korea and Vietnam.
When and why did they introduce the one child policy?
In the 1980s population was already over 1000 million. The Government decided
that the existing `two child' policy was not sufficient to reduce population growth.
China's population would continue to grow at least until 2025, by which time
there would be 1.8billion Chinese. The Government introduced the `one child'
policy in the hope that the population would stabilize at about 1.2 billion early in
the 21st century.
In what ways did the government enforce the rule of only one child?
The policy of `one couple, one child' is very strict. It is virtually illegal to have more
than one child and families are criticized and fined forced abortions and
sterilizations have also been reported.
What are the benefits of having only one child?
Families with only having one child get:
Free education for your one child
Family allowances, priority housing and pension benefits
REMEMBER: Once child means happiness
What problems has the one child policy caused? (Consider rural areas
and the wider implications)
The policy has been quite successful in the cities, but 80% of China's population are peasant
farmers living in the rural areas. Chinese couples in the countryside want large families to
help with work in the fields and to look after them in old age.
Chinese culture has always held boys in higher esteem than girls, and there have been a
number of reports of infanticide where baby girls have been killed by couples who want
sons. There is also concern that the boys will have difficulty finding partners because of the
shortage of women.