OCR RS Islam- Religion, Peace and Justice

Revision pages with quotes and info and such...

I got an A* with these notes... =D

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Megan
  • Created on: 27-03-10 21:36
Preview of OCR RS Islam- Religion, Peace and Justice

First 308 words of the document:

Religion, Peace and Justice
War
More people die in wars due to more efficient weapons. More civilians are killed than
soldiers as soldiers are armed. In the past, wars were fought away from civilians.
~
The word `Islam' means `Peace'
When Muslims greet each other `As-Salamu alaykum' (Peace be with you) and in
response, `Alykum Salam' (and also with you)
Islam is not a pacifist religion, meaning that they don't see violence as always wrong.
The 4 Categories of Jihad
1. Jihad against one's own self (Jihad al-Nafs)
2. Jihad of the tongue (Jihad al-lisan) ­ Telling others to do the will of god
3. Jihad of the hand (Jihad al-yad) ­ writing to make a point to do what god
wants
4. Jihad of the Sword (Jihadd al-sayf) ­ Lesser jihad
Greater Jihad ­ The personal struggle of each Muslim to follow the teachings of
Islam and the example of Muhammad
Eg. Muslims waking up early to pray, even if they don't want to
wake up
Lesser Jihad ­ The struggle to do God's will involves Muslims in physical battles.
The willingness to accept martyrdom for Allah.
Eg. Terrorism
Conditions for Holy War
1. War must be declared by a religious leader, not a political leader.
2. The religious leader must have the support of the community.
3. War must be declared in defense, not attack.
4. To restore freedom, not to win land or power.
5. War is declared because people are not allowed to pray freely, but not to
convert others.
6. War can only be declared if all peaceful ways of solving the conflict have
been tried.
7. Innocent civilians especially women and children must be protected.
8. Plants and animal life must be protected.

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Islam Teachings on Lesser Jihad
"Jihad is to speak the truth before a tyrant ruler"
Hadith
Violence and war is acceptable when you have a leader that does not allow
freedom.
"Warfare is ordained for you, though it is hateful
to you; but it may happen that you hate a thing
which is good for you"
Surah
Although war is not nice, the effects that come of it may be for the better.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Kill not the emaciated old, not the young children nor the women"
Hadith
6) The Land, animals and plants must be protected.
7) It has been declared by a religious leader whose authority is accepted by the
Muslim community.
"To believe in Allah and fight for his cause"
Hadith
8) It must bring good, not evil.
Just War
"Help your brother, whether he is the oppressor or the oppressed"
Hadith
It is the duty of every Muslim to fight for the right cause.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

And, if they incline to peace, incline also to it, and trust in Allah"
Surah
If the other side tries to make peace, you must accept
Social Injustice
Social Injustice ­ The fact that in society, some people are better off than others
and it is the duty of every Muslim to work against social injustice.
Muslims have the following responsibilities:
No Muslim may oppress women, children, old people, or the sick and wounded.…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

Surah
Feed everyone, whether good or bad, as it is a Muslims duty.
"I, and the one who looks after an orphan, will
be together in the next world"
Hadith
If you look after orphans you will be rewarded in paradise.
An adopted child retains his or her own biological family name
An adopted child inherits from his or her biological parents, not automatically
from the adoptive parents.…read more

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

Surah
You should make sure your wife would be cared for once you die.
Elderly
Seen as the wealth of Islam
Muslims must show respect for them.
"Your lord has decreed that you worship none except
him, and (that you show) kindness to your parents"
Surah
After Allah, your parents are the most important and you must care for them once
they are old.
"Paradise lies at the feet of your mother"
Hadith
Looking after your parents through old age will help you to paradise.…read more

Page 7

Preview of page 7

Here's a taster:

Surah
It is the duty of the state to give the money to these people.…read more

Page 8

Preview of page 8

Here's a taster:

Theft.................................................................................................
"As to a thief, male or female, cut off his hand"
Surah
· Fornication or False accusations of adultery........................................
"Flog each of them with a hundred strips"
Surah
"Those who launch a charge against chaste
women, and produce not 4 witnesses ­ Flog them"
Surah
· Intoxicants........................................................................................
"Strong drink... only an infamy of Satan's handiwork"
Surah
· Apostasy...........................................................................................
"Those who believe then disbelieve, Allah will never pardon them"
Surah
In Islam once a person has been punished, they must then be treated normally.…read more

Page 9

Preview of page 9

Here's a taster:

These are the only offences that capital punishment is allowed.
"He who has killed a believer by mistake must set free
a believing slave and pay blood money to the family of the slain"
Surah
Manslaughter is not punishable by death, however they must pay money to the
victim's family as compensation.…read more

Comments

SalmanGulamali

Megan...ur an absolute legend!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Similar Religious Studies resources:

See all Religious Studies resources »See all resources »