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Key Question 3: What were the consequences of the spread of cattle ranching to
the Plains?

How and why did cattle ranching spread to the Plains?

The Spanish settlers in Texas brought with them both horses, which had already
transformed the Indian way of life, and…

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Cattle Rustling was a popular crime as the great herds of cattle were easy targets with
so many of them. Although branding did temporarily solve this problem, rustlers
began to adapt brands to make them different. Horses were worth a lot due to their
central importance. Claim jumping occurred during…

Page 3

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Why did the open range come to an end?

Due to the huge numbers of herds of cattle, the grass on the Plains was no longer
good enough for grazing and so cattlemen began to consider enclosing their cattle.
By 1882, there was so much meat that it wasn't actually…


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