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Page 1

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A2 Unit F324: Rings, polymers and analysis

Module 1 ­ Rings, acids and amines

Done
Arenes
Compar
e t
he
K ekul
é and
del
ocal
ised
model
s
for
benzene
in
ter
ms
of
p or
bit
al
over
lap
f
ormi
ng

bonds.
Revi
ew t
he evi…

Page 2

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(
i)
det
ect
t
he
presence
of
an
aldehyde
group
(
ii
)
dist
ingui
sh
be t
w een
aldehydes
and ket
ones,
expl
ained
in
ter
ms of
t
he
oxi
dat
ion
of
al
dehydes t
o car
boxyli
c aci
ds
w i
th
reduct…

Page 3

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Module 2 ­ Polymers and synthesis
Done
Amino acids and chirality

St
ate
the
gener
al
for
mul
a f
or
an
ami
no
aci
d as
RCH(NH2)COOH.
St
ate
that
an
ami
no
aci
d exi
sts
as
a zwi
tt
eri
on
at
a pH val
ue
cal…

Page 4

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For
an
organi
c
mol
ecul
e cont
aini
ng
sever
al
funct
ional
gr
oups:
(
i)
i
dent
if
y i
ndi
vi
dual
f
unct
i
o nal
gr
oups
(
ii
)
predi
ct
pr
oper
ti
es
and
react
ions.
Devi
se
mul
ti
st…

Page 5

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Module 3 ­ Analysis
Done
Chromatography

Descri
be
chromatogr
aphy
as
an anal
yt
ical
t
echnique
that
separ
ates
component
s i
n a
mixt
ure
between
a mobi
le
phase
and a
stat
ionar
y phase.
St
ate
that
:
(
i)
t
he
mobi
le
phase
may…

Page 6

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Predi
ct
the
chemi
cal
shi
ft
s and
spl
it
ti
ng
pat
ter
ns
of
the
prot
ons
i
n
a gi
ven
mol
ecul
e.
Descr
ibe
the
use of
t
etr
amet
hyl
si
lane,
TMS,
as
the
standar
d f
or
chemi
cal
s
h…

Page 7

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A2 Unit F325: Equilibria, energetics and elements

Module 1 ­ Rates, equilibrium and pH
Done
How fast?
E xpl
ain
and u se
th e
ter
ms:
rate of reaction,
order,
rate constant,
halflife,

ratedetermining step.
Deduce,
f
rom
a concent
rat
ion­t
ime
graph,
t
he
rat
e of…

Page 8

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Done
Acids, bases and buffers

Descr
ibe
an aci
d as
a s
p eci
es
that
can
donat
e a
prot
on
and
a base
as
a speci
es
that
can
accept
a
proton.
+
I
ll
ustr
ate,
usi
ng
ioni
c equat
ions,
t
he
rol
e…

Page 9

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Module 2 ­ Energy
Done
Lattice enthalpy
Expl
ain
and use
the
ter
m lattice enthalpy (
H negat
ive,
i
.e.
gaseous
ions
to
the
sol
id
l
att
ice)
as
a measure
of
i
o ni
c bo nd st
reng t
h.
Use
the
lat
ti
ce…

Page 10

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I
nter
pret
and
make
predi
ct
ions
for
r
eact
ions
invol
vi
ng
elect
ron
tr
ansf
er.
Def
ine
the
ter
m standard electrode (redox) potential,
E .
Descr
ibe
how t
o measur
e,
usi
ng
a hydr
ogen
elect
rode,
st
andar
d el
ect…

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This is super helpful! Exactly what I need to get organised

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