Slides in this set
THE NEW RIGHT
The New Right are similar in many ways to functionalists:
they believe that some people are naturally more talented than others
they favour an education system run on meritocratic principles of open
competition, and one that serves the needs of the economy by preparing
young people for work
they believe that education should socialise pupils into shared values, such
as competition, and instil a sense of national identity
However, a key difference is that the New Right do not believe that the
current education system is achieving these goals.
They believe that it is failing because it is run by the state.…read more
The New Right argue that in the education system, politicians use the power
of the state to impose their view of what schools we should have.
The state takes a `one size fits all' approach whereby it imposes uniformity
and disregards local needs.
Consumers (pupils, parents and employers) have no say and schools are
not answerable to their consumers.
Therefore, state education systems create inefficiency.
This has created lower standards of achievement for pupils, a less qualified
workforce and a less prosperous economy.…read more
The New Right's solution to this is the marketisation of education.
They believe that competition between schools will empower the consumers,
and thus bring greater diversity, choice and efficiency to schools.
This will in turn increase their ability to meet the needs of pupils, parents and
CHUBB AND MOE: CONSUMER
Chubb and Moe argue that American state education has failed. They claim
disadvantaged groups the lower classes, ethnic minorities and rural
communities have been badly served by the education system. State
education has failed to create equal opportunity.
state education is inefficient because it fails to produce pupils with the skills
needed by the economy.
private schools deliver higher quality education because, unlike state
schools, they are answerable to paying consumers.…read more
These arguments are based on a comparison of the achievements of 60,000
pupils from low-income families and 1,015 state and private high schools, as
well as the findings of a parent survey.
Their evidence shows that pupils from low-income families consistently do
about 5% better in private schools.
Based on these findings, Chubb and Moe call for the introduction of a market
system in state education so that consumers have more control.
They argue that this would allow consumers to shape schools to meet their
own needs and would improve quality and efficiency.…read more