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Nazi Economy 1933-1945

o While using the weaknesses of the Weimar Government against them, Hitler advised his
colleagues to "avoid all detailed statements concerning an economic programme of the
Government."
o This highlighted the issues facing the Nazi Government upon coming to power in 1933. They
were inheriting a drastic…

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RAD built new schools, hospitals, drained farms and planted forests. They improved
infrastructure.
7,000km of AUTOBAHNS were built.

Agriculture

The Nazi Government attempted to alleviate the problems facing Germany's agricultural
community. His community had been the Nazi government's strongest supporter during
1930-1932.
Reich Food Estate ­ Co-ordinated a National agricultural…

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to rely heavily on imports and this is
not met by the value of Germany's
exports.
+ 5.6 ­ 6 million unemployed (25.9% of Still 1.5 million unemployed in 1936,
workforce) in early 1933 reduced to not a state free of unemployment.
1.5 million (7.4% of workforce) in
1936.
+…

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Schacht was aware that German economy was only progressing superficially; Mefo Bills and
bartering agreements have hidden true cracks in German economy.
He does not believe that the budget deficit and balance of payment deficits can co-exist for
much longer without being dealt with.
Schacht wishes to reduce rearmament while…

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conclusions, Klein argued that the military effort was modest in the 1930s, and continued to
be so during the first two years of war as the regime attempted to provide both Guns and
Butter. A.J.P. Taylor found in Klein's work support for his idea that Hitler only wanted to
launch…

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+ From 19361939, production of petrol At the beginning of the war, Germany was
increases from 1,257 thousand tons to 1,935 only producing 18% of the demanded amount
thousand tons. Production of iron ore of synthetic oil. These synthetic materials
increases from 2,259 thousand tons to 3,928 were very expensive…

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Hitler was aware of the devastating impact of Total War on the Kaiserreich during WWI.
Thus post 1939; he made a number of decrees ensuring that the economy started to
build itself towards being an economy that could survive a lengthy and embittered war.

1939 ­ 1941

When war broke…

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conscripted in the army. Speer increased ammunition production by 97%, tank production
rose by 25% and arms production increased by 59%.
He used those in concentration camps as labour for the war effort. However the mass
genocide and the amount of resources put into this mass slaughter had been discussed…

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enabled industry to attain flexibility but superpowers and the country which held
that flexibility was within the framework of him back at the Battle of Britain.
a central planning board which monitored
various elements in economy.
+ Arms production increased by 59% during At the beginning of this period German…

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