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Definition
of
Key
Terms
Key
Word
Definition
Harmony
The
sound
created
by
two
or
more
notes
being
played
at
the
same
time
Tonality
Refers
to
music
that
is
written
in
a
particular
key
Diatonic
Music
written
using
major
or
minor
keys;
a
major
or
minor
scale,
or
the
notes
from
such
a
scale
Chromatic
Music
written
using
both
the
black
and
white
notes
of
the
piano;
a
scale
which
moves
always
by
semitone;
the
alteration
by
a
semitone
of
the
notes
of
a
diatonic
scale…read more

Page 3

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Definition
of
Key
Terms
Key
Word
Definition
Chords
Two
or
more
notes
sounded
together
Triad
A
three-note
chord
made
up
of
the
root,
3rd
and
5th
notes
Major
Music
based
on
a
major
scale
Minor
Music
based
on
a
minor
scale
Dominant
7th
A
chord
build
on
the
fifth
note
of
the
scale
containing
the
3rd,
5th
and
7th
notes
Key
signature
Sharp(s)
or
flat(s)
placed
at
the
beginning
of
the
music
and
at
the
beginning
of
each
subsequent
line,
to
indicate
the
scale
used…read more

Page 4

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Diatonic
! Diatonic
harmony
uses
only
notes
that
belong
to
the
scale
or
key
that
the
music
is
written
in
! For
example,
if
a
piece
of
music
is
in
the
key
of
C
major,
it
will
mainly
use
the
notes
of
the
C
major
scale:
C
D
E
F
G
A
B
C
Diatonic
harmony
will
only
use
notes
from
the
same
scale…read more

Page 5

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Chromatic
! Chromatic
harmony
uses
other
notes
as
well
! For
example,
in
the
key
of
C
major
any
sharps
or
flats
which
are
used
in
the
harmony
do
not
belong
to
the
scale
or
key
of
C
major
! They
are
chromatic
notes
! Chromatic
means
`colour',
and
these
notes
are
used
to
add
colour
to
the
harmony,
helping
to
enhance
the
emotional
effect
of
the
music…read more

Page 6

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Consonant
! When
you
listen
to
a
piece
of
music
you
might
think
the
harmony
sound
pleasant,
or
you
might
think
it
clashes
and
sounds
uncomfortable,
even
painful
to
listen
to
! The
first,
pleasant
kind
of
harmony
is
consonant
­
it
sounds
agreeable
! Dissonant
harmony
really
clashes
! It
is
often
used
to
create
suspense
or
tension
in
a
composition
and
feels
as
if
it
needs
to
move
towards
more
pleasing
consonant
harmonies
to
sound
finished…read more

Page 7

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Pedal
! A
pedal
note
is
sustained
(held)
or
repeated,
while
the
harmonies
change
! It
can
be
`doubled',
adding
the
same
note
an
octave
higher
or
lower
! You
need
to
listen
carefully
to
the
harmony,
because
this
must
change
to
at
least
one
other
chord
! If
the
harmony
does
not
change,
it
is
not
a
pedal
note
! Pedal
notes
are
usually
in
the
bass,
but
sometimes
they
are
higher
than
the
melody;
this
is
called
an
inverted
pedal…read more

Page 8

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Drone
! A
drone
is
played
in
the
bass
! It
can
be
just
one
not,
like
a
pedal,
but
often
has
two
notes
played
at
the
same
time
! These
two
notes
are
usually
a
fifth
apart
and
are
played
in
the
bass,
below
the
melody
! They
may
be
sustained
or
repeated
! Drones
are
often
used
to
accompany
melodies
in
folk
music
or
medieval
music,
particularly
dance
music…read more

Page 9

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Cadences
! A
cadence
is
formed
by
the
two
chords
that
come
at
the
end
of
a
musical
phrase
! Cadences
are
a
kind
of
`musical
punctuation',
like
full
stops
or
commas
! There
are
four
main
types
of
cadence
­
perfect,
plagal,
imperfect,
interrupted…read more

Page 10

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Perfect
cadence
! This
is
made
up
of
two
chords:
the
dominant
(chord
V),
which
is
the
chord
built
on
the
fifth
note
of
the
scale,
followed
by
the
tonic
(chord
I),
built
on
the
first
note
of
the
scale
! A
perfect
cadence
is
like
a
full
stop
­
it
gives
the
music
a
sense
of
completion…read more

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