Pages in this set

Page 1

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Area
of
Study
Two

Harmony
and
Tonality

Page 2

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Definition
of
Key
Terms

Key
Word
Definition

Harmony
The
sound
created
by
two
or
more
notes
being
played
at
the
same
time

Tonality
Refers
to
music
that
is
written
in
a
particular
key

Diatonic
Music
written
using
major
or
minor
keys;
a
major
or
minor
scale,
or
the
notes
from…

Page 3

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Definition
of
Key
Terms

Key
Word
Definition

Chords
Two
or
more
notes
sounded
together

Triad
A
three-note
chord
made
up
of
the
root,
3rd
and
5th
notes

Major
Music
based
on
a
major
scale

Minor
Music
based
on
a
minor
scale


Dominant
7th
A
chord
build
on
the
fifth
note…

Page 4

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Diatonic

! Diatonic
harmony
uses
only
notes
that
belong
to
the
scale

or
key
that
the
music
is
written
in


! For
example,
if
a
piece
of
music
is
in
the
key
of
C
major,
it

will
mainly
use
the
notes
of
the
C
major
scale:






C

D
E
F…

Page 5

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Chromatic

! Chromatic
harmony
uses
other
notes
as
well


! For
example,
in
the
key
of
C
major
any
sharps
or
flats

which
are
used
in
the
harmony
do
not
belong
to
the
scale

or
key
of
C
major


! They
are
chromatic
notes


! Chromatic
means
`colour',
and
these…

Page 6

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Consonant

! When
you
listen
to
a
piece
of
music
you

might
think
the

harmony
sound
pleasant,
or
you
might
think
it
clashes

and
sounds
uncomfortable,
even
painful
to
listen
to

! The
first,
pleasant
kind
of
harmony
is
consonant
­
it

sounds
agreeable

! Dissonant
harmony
really
clashes

!…

Page 7

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Pedal

! A
pedal
note
is
sustained
(held)
or
repeated,
while
the

harmonies
change


! It
can
be
`doubled',
adding
the
same
note
an
octave
higher
or

lower


! You
need
to
listen
carefully
to
the
harmony,
because
this
must

change
to
at
least
one
other
chord


! If
the…

Page 8

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Drone

! A
drone
is
played
in
the
bass

! It
can
be
just
one
not,
like
a
pedal,
but
often
has
two
notes

played
at
the
same
time

! These
two
notes
are
usually
a
fifth
apart
and
are
played
in

the
bass,
below
the
melody

! They
may…

Page 9

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Cadences

! A
cadence
is
formed
by
the
two
chords
that
come
at
the

end
of
a
musical
phrase


! Cadences
are
a
kind
of
`musical
punctuation',
like
full

stops
or
commas


! There
are
four
main
types
of
cadence
­
perfect,
plagal,

imperfect,
interrupted

Page 10

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Perfect
cadence

! This
is
made
up
of
two
chords:
the
dominant
(chord
V),

which
is
the
chord
built
on
the
fifth
note
of
the
scale,

followed
by
the
tonic
(chord
I),
built
on
the
first
note
of

the
scale


! A
perfect
cadence
is
like
a
full
stop
­…

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