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Question (Question);Answer (Answer)
Devised by;"Atkinson and Shiffrin."
Models are;"theories based on information-processing
systems."
The components are;"the short term memory, long term
memory and the sensory memory."
The short term memory is;"a temporary store where small
amounts of information can be held for brief periods of time.
It is fragile so…

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The duration of the sensory memory is;"very brief; less than
2 seconds."
The encoding of the sensory memory is;"information in its
unprocessed form."
You cannot control what enters the sensory memory
because;"information is passively registered."
The three separate stores within the sensory memory
are;"the iconic store, the echoic store and…

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Sperling's explanation for his tests on the capacity of the
sensory memory was;"that the capacity of the iconic store of
the sensory memory was 9-10 items but the duration of the
sensory memory was so short that people forgot the letters
as they recalled the first 4-5."
Methodological issues for…

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that a participant could correctly recall on average the
amount of digits they could articulate in 1.5 seconds."
The duration of the STM is;"18 seconds."
The duration of the STM was calculated using an experiment
where;"participants were asked to recall consonant trigrams
with different length delays between presentation and
recall.…

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Displacement is;"a type of forgetting where items currently
in the limited capacity STM are pushed out to make room for
incoming items before being transferred to the LTM."
A free recall task is;"a way of testing memory where
participants recall items from a list in any order."
The recency effect…

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Interference is;"a type of forgetting where information
stored in the LTM is confused with similar information."

Glanzer and Cunitz' experiment showed the existence of the
STM and LTM as separate stores by;"testing participants with
a free recall task in 2 different conditions; immediate recall
and delayed recall with a distracter…

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comes from artificial laboratory experiments so might not
reflect how memory works in everyday life."
Pseudo-words are;"a combination of letters that sound like
they should be an English word but actually the word doesn't
exist."
Information has been shown to be able to go from the LTM
to the STM…

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