Moon on the Tides AQA anthology Revision notes

These are the revision notes I made for each poem in the relationships section of Moon on the Tides. I chose a few key quotes, analyised them and made notes on structure, themes, and tone, for each poem.

Hope this helps!

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Moon on the Tides
Poetry Notes
By Natasha Wilson…read more

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Language: Mostly metaphors
· "Only then would he let me trace
the frozen river which ran through his Structure
· Rhyme = Mostly half rhyming couplets
­ Frozen=emotionless/cold
· Different injuries introduced in
­ Takes time to freeze, old wounds. different couplets
­ He let me= under His control. Need · Unrhymed = sense of
permission fragmentation, broken man
­ `only then' repetition = slow · st
1 person narrative,
painstaking process
· Regular rhythm and length
· "the foetus of metal beneath his chest"
· Wife's methodical patient
­ Metal=cold and unfeeling treatment of caring for husband
­ Foetus metaphor symbolism:
· Growing pain
· Heart. Not fully developed. Still
· Not connected to him. Like a
baby only living in him. · Trust
· "a sweating unexploded mine" · Communication
­ Transferred epithet · Rebuilding broken relationship
· Hot/easily angered. Bothered. · PTSD ­ post traumatic stress disorder.
Quick to explode Wife is trying to mend mental wounds
· Nervous/scared/tense of husband, sustained whilst at war.
­ Mine=explosion of emotions. · "Manhunt" -> Searching for the man she
once knew but now has lost
­ `explode'= onomatopoeia
· "parachute silk", "porcelain", "foetus",
"finger and thumb", "handle and hold"
­ Indicates he is fragile and damaged.
· Standard formal English
· "Then, then and only then, did I come close
­ Repetition = emphasis on effort
­ Ambiguous:
· Close to him-love?
· Close to finding real man
hidden inside damage which
has been left?
­ Only half rhyme with last line makes it
a muted ending = he is not completely
better yet…read more

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Language Structure
· "For thousands of seconds we kiss" · Shakespearean sonnet
­ Juxtaposition. Counting seconds rather ­ 14 lines
than minutes. Emphasises how valuable
­ Predictable rhyme scheme
each second is.
­ Assonance of `n' and `d' sounds which
· ababcdcdefefgg
slow the pace of the reader and ­ Last rhyming couplet concluding
symbolise how she is trying to prolong poem does not offer huge `turn'
time. in meaning, like usual sonnets,
· "than here. Now. Time hates love, confirming idea that love will
always triumph.
wants love poor, but love spins gold,
gold, gold from straw."
­ Caesuras - > break up line so takes · Stanzas same length due to
longer to read. Time is slowing for love. enjambment
­ Love turns something small to ­ Enjambment breaks ups lines but
something precious (straw->gold) Can also give sense of stopping and
find riches in anything. starting. Time seems to stop, but
­ 1 word sentence `Now'. Emphasises inevitably keeps flowing onwards
simplicity of situation and their feeling · Irregular rhythm
of completeness and satisfaction. Don't ­ time is not fixed when with love.
care about future or past.
­ Reference to fairytale character
Rumplestiltskin adds a magical feel to
closing lines.
­ Repetition of `gold' shows it is ongoing
· CARPE DIEM: live in moment
­ Time is obstacle for love
· "We find an hour together, spend it not
on flowers or wine, but the whole of ­ Few moments together are
invaluable and precious
the summer sky and a grass ditch".
­ Happiest moments when lose
­ Pun on `spend' with time and wealth.
sense of time
­ Unconventional romantic ideas such as
`grass ditch' and later `cuckoo spit' show
· True love
how the strength of their romance ­ Joy of being together
makes other traditional ideas seem ­ Romantic fantasy
unimportant. Love finds riches in ­ Love is precious
· Traditional battle of love and time
· "Bright", "summer sky", "Midas light", · Love finds riches in anything
"shining hour", "candle", "chandelier
or spotlight".
­ Everything is warm and bright when
they are together in love.
­ Don't dwell on darkness or separation.
Carpe Diem.
· "Your hair like treasure on the ground"
­ Simile…read more

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In Paris with You
Language Structure
· "I'm one of your talking wounded. I' · Stanzas (excluding middle one) are
m a hostage. I'm maroonded." similar in line length and rhythm.
­ "your" =belongs to him. Not under · Regular rhyme: ABCCB
her control or her choice.
· Refrain- "I'm in Paris with you."
­ End stopped lines and full stops
emphasise statements. · Middle stanza indented with shorter
­ Informal/colloquial language lines:
"maroonded" and later ­ Different mood
"bamboozled" to maintain rhyme = ­ Ideas speeding up.
fun and inventive. ­ Getting more excited. Not
­ Direct address to reader. Feel more wasting time. One night stand.
involved. Poem is very intimate and
we are made to feel as though we
are eavesdropping. Tone:
­ "talking wounded"-> Metaphor. · Colloquial and very informal = seems
Showing her hurt. Pun on phrase honest
"walking wounded" (used in context
of war). · Down to earth
· "And I don't care where are we · Light tone hiding her pain.
­ "we" emphasises they are together. Themes
Wants to flaunt it. · Lust/passion
­ "Are we". Switched noun and verb = · Not true love = cheap/fake
question structure · Carpe Diem
· Little knowledge about
future/ or her uncertainty if ­ Live in the moment. No romance
she cares.
· grammar sacrificed for rhyme. Language
· "Learning who you are, Learning · "We say sod off to sodding Notre Dame"
what I am." ­ Rejecting Paris (the city of lovers)
­ "What I am". Not human. Detaching iconic landmarks suggests this is not
from situation. a traditional love poem.
­ Experimental physical activities. ­ She's had enough of romance and
­ "Cheaper" attitude to love than rest wants it to go away.
of poem. Skipping romance and just ­ Repetition of `sod' shows her
being physical.
· "I'm in Paris with you." ­ Very down to earth
­ Symbolic. Paris = a cheaper fake love.
­ Living and loving in the moment. Not
the real love. Skipping romance.
­ Repeated constantly, showing how
important this is to her. Insistent
concentration on the present.…read more

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· "You choose your spot, then blast me....
through the heart"
­ "You choose". Direct address. Under lovers
­ "Blast" indicates it is painful. Blasting of
love or bullets. · Irregular pauses with caesuras and
­ "through the heart" = new line enjambment. = breaking up text
enjambment for emphasis. Pause between randomly, reflecting unpredictable
lines =delayed reaction. Time slows down.
relationship and tension of battle.
· "And this is love, high noon, calamity,
hard liquor" Erratic pace like a gun-fight or heated
­ Not "my love". Detaching herself from argument.
situation. Not admitting. · Shape of stanzas are irregular. Emotions
­ Based on westerns. "high noon" film when are all over the place.
a Sheriff goes into battle. She feels like in a
fierce gunfight with lover. · No rhyme scheme or regular rhythm.
­ Comparison to "hard liquor". Random internal rhyme.
· Makes you high · 16 lines of free verse in 4 stanzas.
· Bad consequences as it doesn't last
forever. A hit. A shock. Then lets you
down. Can't always live drinking
· Addictive
· "You ring, quickdraw, your voice a pellet"
­ Caesuras breaking up line showing
unpredictable sudden pain.
­ Extended metaphor between
contemporary phones and guns, fitting with
historic western theme. Shows how Tone
relationships have long been this way.
· Informal/colloquial.
­ Juxtaposition of archaic and new is
awkward and reflects awkward relationship · Contemporary/modern language
­ "pellet" = sharp onomatopoeic. Bullet. context.
­ "quickdraw" fast reactions. Been waiting
· Light-hearted and humorous due to
for this call. some of the images typical of slapstick.
· "I twirl the phone, then squeeze the · Serious emotional struggle.
trigger of my tongue, wide of the mark."
­ Tongue metaphor as weapon = argument.
­ Comic as combined with `t' alliteration.
­ Doesn't want to hurt him. Purposefully · Relationships can become a struggle for
misses. power, leading to shootouts/arguments.
· "Take this... and this... and this..." · Love
­ Shots of guns/kisses. Ambiguous.
­ Ellipsis shows argument is not over.
· Similarities between love of history and
­ Monosyllabic expression "take this" implies now.
she is still angry.
­ Or she is confused about her emotions. Can'
t think, can only give repetitive cry.
· "silver bullets of your kiss"
­ Precious and harmful juxtaposition. Kisses
are painful but she treasures them.
­ Or just painful metal bullets.…read more

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· "If I am the grass and you the breeze, · Ancient Persian form of poetry (ghazal)
blow through me." similar to sonnet:
­ Spiritual references to nature = timeless
and permanent love. Their love is a ­ 5 or more couplets/stanzas
natural thing ­ About forbidden love. Often spiritual
­ Direct address giving insight into about God.
narrators thoughts and feelings. Feel
involved. ­ Stanzas are called `shers'.
­ Physical love. Breeze and grass touch ­ Last stanza tie in with authors name.
and move together. ­ Regular rhythm
­ First comma caesura separates `If' clause
of stanza with the `then' clause. · Couplets all end in `me'. She is very involved
· "charmer, use your charm, weave a and personal. This is typical of ghazal, called
spell and subdue me." a `radif'
­ "spell" = powerful magic of love. Can · Most stanzas start with `if' = conditional,
transform/change and subdue uncertain. Consequences of narrator's
venomous snake. wishes depend on response. Trying lots of
­ "subdue me" = they are a higher power.
She wants them to control her and keep different roles to get the love she desires
her in line. from man. Shows her desperation for this
­ Metaphor of love/personification of her love.
role continues from first line of stanza. · Enjambment within stanza = continuation
Emphasises what he is, what she is, and
what they are together. of their love and connection between them.
­ Low self-esteem. Charmer more But also separating his actions and her
talented and important than snake, actions.
· "Shamsuddin to my Rumi" · Each stanza = new theme/idea in quick
­ Shamsuddin= a dirvish (dances in succession. Makes poem seem playful but
circular motions to communicate with quite intense.
­ Rumi wrote ghazals to Shamsuddin.
­ Bringing in religious and spiritual aspects Tone
to poem.
· Playful but with standard, formal English
· "Be heaven and earth to me and I'll be
twice the me I am, if only half the Themes
world you are to me." · Unattainable love
­ No `if' showing her certainty. Conclusion
reached that they need each other to be · Positive and negative love.
greater and whole. · Longing to be an object to man's love.
­ "twice the me" linking in to authors
name, typical of poems structure. · The lover completing a person.
­ Love will complete her.
· "What shape should I take to marry Language
your own....moth to my flame" · "When the arrow flies, the heart is
­ "Marry" is a pun meaning to match up,
but also hinting hopes for relationship. pierced, tattoo me."
­ "Moth/Flame" contains idea of ­ Wants it to be permanent like
destruction and irresistible attraction. tattoo. Heart + arrow is traditional
The speaker is well aware of the
dangerous feelings they have. tattoo of love.
­ Carries hints of conflict/aggression.
Not all love is sweet.…read more

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