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Miracles
Arbitrary ­ God is random in his selection of the circumstances in which he
intervenes
Partisan ­ God is selective in who he helps and doesn't help
Definitions
Aquinas
Aquinas concepts of miracles stem from his ideas regarding the laws of nature, and
his subsequent Natural Law.
He believes…

Page 2

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There is no hand of God, rather the event relies solely on the interpretation of the
person.
Tillich
A miracle is a sign event ­ it is something of religious experience that points
to and informs us about the nature of God
Tillich's key point is the impression it has…

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In rejecting this, the naturalist assumes that the world is purely physical.
Richard Swinburne
If God is omnibenevolent, he would want to interact with his creation and may do so
via occasional miracles.
Swinburne believes that miracles, by their nature, are occasional events and if they
were more regular we…

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For example, every time a baby is born we know it is due to sexual procreation
because this has occurred for over two thousand years; this makes the virgin birth of
Jesus less likely and therefore less of a miracle
Hume proposed the Practical Argument as he believes, practically speaking,…

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is demonstrably able to heal, regardless of whether he picks certain people
specifically or randomly.
Wiles goes further in questioning why, if the Biblical miracles are taken literally, God
would do apparent contingent things such as turn water into wine or transport people
from one place to another, when chances…

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He found that people in today's societies found it difficult to believe the stories of the
NT. For this reason, the resurrection story should be regarded as a mythical event.
The resurrection is something that happened in the subjective experience of the
disciples, not something that took place in history.…

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Science tells us that the universe is not completely determined in every way, so
divine action is possible within certain constraints; although we cannot know when a
particular event is a direct act of God, it is not impossible that some events could be
the result of special divine activity.…

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Wittgenstein suggested the ideas of `language games' and `seeing-as'.
Although people assume they can attain pure knowledge of things in the world,
Wittgenstein argued that we cannot. Instead, we are all born into a certain social,
cultural and religious context, which radically affects and shapes how we see things.
So,…

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